Motivation Is Based On Human Needs Essay
What is motivation? The definition, according to the Oxford dictionary, is “a reason or reasons for acting or behaving in a particular way”
Contemporary authors have defined motivation as the psychological process that gives behaviour purpose and direction (Kreitner, 1995); a predisposition to behave in a purposive manner to achieve specific, unmet needs (Buford, Bedeian, & Lindner, 1995); an internal drive to satisfy an unsatisfied need (Higgins, 1994); and the will to achieve (Bedeian, 1993).
This essay is to reflect on three content and process theories used to motivate people in their jobs.
Quite simply, motivation is based on human needs. If someone is captivated by what they are doing, then we can safely assume that motivation is high. It is present in many aspects of our daily lives. For example, why do we eat breakfast in the morning? Because we are motivated by hunger. Why do people study and want to further their education? Because they want to broaden their knowledge. After all knowledge is power. Motivating factors can be anything from a reward to compulsion.
According to Elkin, Jackson and Kerr (2001, p.92), motivation falls into three parts. Firstly, the content of motivation - the things which people generally find rewarding or not. Secondly, te process of motivation – whereby rewards are translated into human effort, job satisfaction and performance. And thirdly, the practice of motivation – the things that can be done in organisations…