Motivation For The Bomb Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki Essay
As the Manhattan Project drew to an end, President Harry S. Truman knew he was coming upon the most difficult decision of his life. He could drop a bomb that would vaporize thousands of lives but would end a war in Japan, or he could continue on and cause more American, Allied, and Japanese military casualties. Truman decided to use the first atomic bombs ever made, codenamed “Little Boy” and “Fat Man”, to obliterate Hiroshima and Nagasaki in an attempt to end what was already a brutal and bloody war. While his strategy proved true to work, it would also prove to perhaps the most controversial decision ever made in warfare.
America’s primary motivation for bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki, two major military and industrial targets, was to avoid an invasion of Japan. Truman states, “My chief purpose was to end the war in victory with the least cost in the lives of the men in that I had helped raise.” (Rotter ebrary) By this point in the war Allied forces and American civilians were exhausted from four years of war. By July 1945 the Japanese had been under attack by American B-29’s, their capitols and other major cities had taken extreme damage, and their home islands had been forced into a naval blockade which was making food and equipment more and more limited. A Japanese NCO named Kashichi Yoshida jotted a poem of despair during this time:
Covered with mud from our falls
Blood oozes from our wounds
No cloth to bind our cuts
Flies swarm to the scabs