Morphine As A Cure For Opium Addiction Essay

1466 Words Jul 1st, 2016 6 Pages
Morphine (MS Contin®, Avinza®, Kadian®,
Embeda®, others)
Morphine treats moderate-to-severe pain and is a Schedule 2 opioid. Although once available only as a rapidly acting formulation, long-acting products are now routinely prescribed to treat chronic pain. Morphine is the most prominent and active ingredient in opium. It was first extracted from opium some 200 years ago.
Morphine is as easy to abuse as heroin and carries the same risks as heroin. To reduce the potential for abuse, the newer product Embeda adds naltrexone to the formulation. Naltrexone will induce withdrawal symptoms if the product is chewed or injected. However, the vast majority of morphine products contain no abuse-deterrent medication.
Historical Note: Morphine was isolated from opium in 1805 and touted as a cure for opium addiction. Heroin was developed from morphine in 1874 and touted as a cure for morphine addiction. Methadone was synthesized during the Second Word War and continues to be a treatment for heroin and morphine addiction (
Methadone (Dolophine®, others)
Methadone is a potent Schedule 2 opioid developed by German scientists to treat battle wounds during the Second World War.
Use and Abuse
Methadone treats moderate-to-severe pain. It is inexpensive, making it more accessible for patients who can’t afford the more expensive name brand painkillers. It is an effective medication.
Besides treating pain, methadone plays an important role in the treatment of opioid…

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