Morality, Religion And Conscience Analysis
1. How does Arthur respond to those who argue that religion is necessary for moral motivation?
According to the essay Arthur definitely oppose the idea that religion is necessary for moral motivation . He believes that people do the right thing because they are afraid of the consequences. He proposes various examples where people think about getting caught or what someone else is going to think of them. Arthur discusses which religion should one follow for moral motivation? Which god is the right god?
2. Arthur denies that religion is necessary for moral understanding or knowledge. Why does he think that?
Arthur theory is simply that of looking to revelation for guidance leaves people confuse with more questions. It seems wiser under the circumstances to address complex moral problems like abortion, capital punishment to a name a few considering the pros and cons of each side, rather than to seek answers through the much more controversial and difficult route of revelation. His analogy seems to be one of a rational perspective.
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How does the analogy with a legal system suggest that God may be necessary for there to be a right and wrong?
Arthur cites Bishop Mortimer by stating “God made us and all the word.” He believes something is right because God commands it. Mortimer is comparing moral rules to legal ones. Moreover Mortimer’s view, the divine-command theory, would mean that God has the same sort of relation to moral law as the legislature has to statutes t enacts: without God’s commands there would be no moral rules, just as without a legislature there would be no statutes. God is basically the foundation of what is right and