Morality, Religion And Conscience

Morality, Religion and Conscience

1. How does Arthur respond to those who argue that religion is necessary for moral motivation?
According to the essay Arthur definitely oppose the idea that religion is necessary for moral motivation . He believes that people do the right thing because they are afraid of the consequences. He proposes various examples where people think about getting caught or what someone else is going to think of them. Arthur discusses which religion should one follow for moral motivation? Which god is the right god?

2. Arthur denies that religion is necessary for moral understanding or knowledge. Why does he think that?
Arthur theory is simply that of looking to revelation for guidance leaves people confuse with more
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Describe the examples Bennett uses to illustrate how feelings and duty may conflict.
Bennett depicts feels and duty coming to a conflict based on your wisdom and putting your self-interest before others.

2. How does Bennett characterize the relationship between morality and sympathy? In light of his examples, do you agree with the role he gives to each?
Bennett believes that sympathy and morality may pull in opposite directions. I agree in his logic that you can be both sympathetic and moral. In one instance where he gives an example of mothers choosing morality over sympathy is contradicting. I do not agree with because a mother will do what is necessary to protect her child’s health regardless if she is sympathetic or not. Everyone has different perspectives on what is consider to be right or wrong.

3. Why does Bennett think Edwards’s morality was worse than Himmler’s?
Bennett thoughts on Edward’s morality was worse than Himmler’s because he believe in avoiding the situation or giving up altogether. For him, moral standards exist independently of God, and God can be assessed in the light of them.

4. Besides sympathy, what means are available to criticize our own or others’ moral

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