Morality Is Not Relative, Kant, The Moral Law, And Mill Essay

1504 Words Dec 12th, 2016 7 Pages
In this essay I plan to clearly summaries the philosophical arguments of Benedict - Morality Is Relative, Rachel - Morality Is Not Relative, Kant - The Moral Law, and Mill - Utilitarianism. All of these arguments contain different theories of human nature being swayed by laws and morality. I will categorize which arguments focus on the absolutist view, which holds that there is exactly one right answer to everything. As well as labeling which argument leaning to a more objective side, where all forms affirm the universal validity of some moral principal. This then proposes a cultural relativism principle, meaning there are no universally valid moral principles, but all moral principles are valid relative to cultural or individual choice. These arguments will also include either a teleological or deontological theory. A teleological theory asserts that the rightness or wrongness of an act is determined by some nonmoral value. A deontological theory is moral theories in which the rightness of actions is determined not solely by their consequence but partly or entirely by their intrinsic nature. Therefore, I will determine which theories each individual author proposes in the summaries of this essay. Benedict’s theories are based on cultural relativism. Her conclusion was based on the principles that certain cultures and societies can determine ones moral beliefs. Since culture is such a divers system the morals of certain cultures also may vary. (467)…

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