Religion And Morality Research Paper

Superior Essays
Abstract

Inarguably one of the most debated and controversial philosophies in the world is religion and the very existence of God. People have died and been killed in the name of and for religion since the very beginning of time.

Theists normally argue that leading a virtuous and ethically enriched life is not possible without guidance provided by God through religion and the framework of values that determine right from wrong. This framework is interpreted and propagated through various godly sources like the holy books and religious apostles and leaders. Whereas, religion and morality are almost always equated synonymously, atheists maintain that morality does not necessarily depend upon religion and a person can lead an exemplary life
…show more content…
Ethics are, however, a set of objective beliefs or guidance on how one ‘ought’ to act or behave in the same situation. Using this as a basis, we can try to bring home the idea that to lead an ethically enriched and virtuous life, a person needs a specific framework of objective values that will define and develop our lives and behaviors.

OBJECTIVE ETHICS & MORAL VALUES – THEISM
Theism, or belief in God and religion come with a set of ‘objective’ values that are not based on individuals. They do not circumstantially change and are not dependent upon the followers’ experiences, situations, preferences or reasoning etc. The concept behind this is that God does not change and neither does his rules. What is right stays right in all situations and wrong is never allowed and that God is watching everything and will hold you accountable for your deeds. This is followed by the concept of divine rewards and divine punishments in the
…show more content…
Humans, by natural default are evil and are instinctively more prone to take the path that would be consistent to their survival and salvation, regardless of the ethical measure. We are born with an in built desire to do bad things and disobey rules, break regulations and overstep boundaries. It takes a lot of strength and commitment to deviate from this innate nature which can only come from the divine intervention of religion.

When God is removed from the equation of life, what is left is intellectual bankruptcy as the very standard of establishing objective morality is removed. Without the fear of accountability, hell fire and damnation, what other obligation will an atheist have to go against the basic human nature? What will stop them from stepping on someone else, for their survival or gain, if they cannot see beyond the worldly life and consider themselves waived from any culpability?

It is in these situations that religion steps in as the diving line between what you would do and what you ought to do and he, who disregards this boundary will be living in a moral vacuum which can only be filled with divinity and

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Atheism Vs Religion

    • 760 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Questions have also arisen concerning the origin of god where people have found it hard to believe that god might have arisen from nothing. As the Christians claim that god is the creator, then one is bound to ask about who created the god who created everything (Hancock, 1996). Omniscience is also a paradox that atheists find very contradictory. This is based on the idea that this god knows everything and by so doing, he cannot forget but the paradox is that by forgetting some things, then he does not then know everything as claimed. For example, when god forgets his people and lets them suffer then it is true that he does not indeed exist (Drachman,…

    • 760 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Existentialism rejects the natural talents which humans are born with because it expresses no matter how you will live your life; you’re going to die. Does this mean we don’t uses the gifts God has given us to fulfill our purpose? In Christianity, our purpose isn’t for us but it’s to bless another person. The views on Existentialism teach us otherwise to be selfish in a subtle way. There’s a thick tension between religion and existentialism; in order to follow out the values of Christianity, one must disregard the…

    • 753 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Total Depravity

    • 1593 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Satan’s acts, along with the immorality of our flesh, pull us further away from God if we do not resist. Thankfully, God provides us a way out. I believe humans have total depravity, but I do not believe there is no hope for humans. I believe that God sent His one and only son,…

    • 1593 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Consequently, atheism turns out to be too simple” (Lewis pg.14 I strongly feel when there is no pressure placed upon and individual by a higher being then her or she will always have a biased opinion of what is right and is wrong. My question to McCloskey is: “Where does his definition of evil come from”? Once people are on the same understanding of evil the explanation of free will be better understood. I often wonder if Atheist have a sense of something being wrong like theist have. I know that both can relate that genocide is evil doing.…

    • 1532 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Morals Without God There are many theists in the world, whether they be Christian or Islamic, but they all believe in some form of god. Whether it be Allah or Ra, they still follow a “moral code of conduct,” instructed to them by the divine. Atheists are harassed by theists, trying to denounce that the atheists are a cruel people because they don’t have a god to set morals for them. However, atheists set morals based on those around them, and basic human principles. Atheists have morals without a god.…

    • 799 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Nietzsche predicted that nihilism would be an inevitable conclusion to humans turning away from established religion and the overall concept of God. Nietzsche defined nihilism as the overall feeling or concept that everything is meaningless and pointless. Nihilism is another aspect of Schopenhauer’s philosophy that Nietzsche attempted to overcome through his own philosophy. Ergo, Nietzsche’s declaration that God is dead presents one of the most complicated problems for atheism, yet he overcomes it through his own philosophy and moral code of the will to power and the superman, yet not all atheists practice Nietzsche’s…

    • 1594 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    He states that theists find faith in their lives and use it to understand God. However, McCloskey also tells us that his works are alleged and that we are not able to prove that he is “all-perfect” (McCloskey 1968, 52). He talks about all kinds of evil in the world including physical and moral, and because of these types of evils is the reason that atheists cannot believe in God. I would have to say that unfortunately not everyone is good, but we must remember that evil is coming from a person’s inner gut. There are many reasons that a person may have to turn to evil, such as protecting themselves from another evil source, this would be called “greater good”.…

    • 1165 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In Jonathan Edwards, “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”, he uses God’s wrath as a motivator to make people convert to Puritinism. Fear motivates us to do things even if we don’t want to because we want to prevent the reality we fear from occurring. This applies to events in history and even modern day. However, there are other motivators too. Everyone has made bad decisions, whether it’s fear, religion or benefits.…

    • 639 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    People today are affiliated with diverse religions and beliefs. There are Catholics, Christians, Buddhists, Baptists, but some individuals are Athiest. Atheism is “ the view that God does not exist” (Shafer-Landau 64). Within our society today, people all over believe that having religious views is needed to fulfill our duty in life. They believe if we are not religious, then we can not be civilized, generous, and cannot possess a moral compass.…

    • 1426 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Moore shift. The G.E. Moore shift tells us to deny an opposing conclusion and use it to dispute their premises. For example, a theist could deny the atheist conclusion that God does not exist, by stating that there does not exist suffering that an omniscient being could stop without allowing an evil that is worse. Therefore, this benevolent God with stop any suffering that was not for the greater good or was in place of something worse, so God does…

    • 784 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays