Moral Philosophies Of Kantian Ethics Vs. Utilitarianism

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Kantian ethics and Utilitarianism represent two different moral philosophies. German philosopher Immanuel Kant believed that humans are defined by their rationality and autonomy. He continued that the good intentions of actions are more important than their outcomes, coming from a sense of duty rather than meeting desire. Utilitarianism elaborated on by John Stuart Mill defined humans by their ability to feel pleasure and pain. John Stuart Mill states that the outcome of actions is more important than their motivations, as long as greater good or pleasure is achieved. This paper will argue how Kantian ethics is the most reasonable theory than Utilitarianism when it comes to morality due to the fact that some decisions aren’t often based on …show more content…
For Kant, a moral action is not based upon feelings, inclination or any type of outcome; instead, a moral action is solemnly based as an urge for duty. For example, an attempt to helping a child who is drowning, but the child died. Even though, one didn’t meet the desired goal, one could suggest that the morality was good due to the fact he or she had good intention to save that child from drowning. In my opinion, as long as the intentions are good, the action is morally sound, at least from a conceptual …show more content…
An advance society such as the United States is morally based on this theory because we believed it our duty to make people’s lives better. For example, using Kant’s theory, the purpose of taxes is to help the government make the country a better place to live in. At first, this example mostly has an approach on utilitarianism but only the government will be happy excluding you. We all know the majority of people don’t like to pay taxes because we think it’s our hard-earned money and the government should not intervene in our paycheck. However, we also know it’s for the greater good for our society. As a utilitarian, one will try to separate the action from the actor and look at the bigger picture over the individual. Utilitarian’s, living a life that caused the greatest widespread good would be considered by most people to be living a life of virtue. A Kantian ethics will think that paying taxes is our duty or one will be in trouble with the government. Personally, I also think that it is our duty because that’s how we must advance as a

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