Moral Judgements Are Intrinsically Motivating Essay example

2135 Words Jan 27th, 2015 null Page
Does the claim that moral judgements are intrinsically motivating provide a good justification for non-cognitivism? The cognitive/non-cognitive divide posits that mental states and processes fall into either a category of perception which is analytical, or a category of attitude which is affective or impulsive. A moral judgement must be linked to some mental process, and according to some theories, moral facts in fact originate from mental processes. Moral judgements seem to stem from a certain conviction, which is easily interpreted as a belief which a person holds about what is true and good. However, the fact that moral claims can invoke a given attitude or sentiment, and act so compellingly, makes it evident that “non-cognitive” processes must be at play. Ayer points out that even the communication of moral judgements does not involve reasoning, but rather appeals to desire and motivation. Lastly, it appears implausible that both non-cognitive and cognitive processes are simultaneously the cause for holding a certain moral view. The claim that moral judgements are intrinsically motivating is indeed a good justification for non-cognitivism.
In ethics, non-cognitivism is a form of moral non-factualism which purports that moral statements cannot have the form of propositions and in fact do not possess the properties which render a statement “truth-apt”, i.e. they cannot be assigned with the labels of truth or falsehood. A moral statement does therefore not make a claim…

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