Mahatma Gandhi Nonviolent Movement

Good Essays
Mohandas Gandhi was an extremely influential political leader because of nonviolent actions he performed such as fasting and leading many campaigns throughout his career. To Gandhi, “Non-violence is the article of faith”. Gandhi lived a very simple life. Often, he would only be seen wearing a hand-sewn loincloth and cheap spectacles (Rushdie). Gandhi was an opponent of technology and would often only hand write what would need to be written. Gandhi was an advocate of nonviolence. Because of this, Gandhi was nicknamed Mahatma, meaning “great soul” (History.com Staff). Gandhi’s main goal was to lead India to independence from their control from the British government, which he accomplished. Gandhi’s law background influenced his choice of becoming a civil rights activist.
Gandhi would resort to the nonviolent approach of fasting in order to make a statement. He performed an astonishing amount
…show more content…
In the beginning of the 1930’s, a major issue in Great Britain were the Salt Acts, which prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt. Gandhi proposed a Salt March in response to these Salt Acts. This Salt March, starting on March 12, 1930, was one of the best known revolts performed by Gandhi. The Salt March included a 240 mile march to the Arabian Sea, which he would collect salt in symbolic defiance of the British government (Biography.com Editors). This journey started with only a few dozen followers, but quickly grew to an abundant amount of followers. They traveled to a town called Dandi, where he led his followers to make salt from evaporated seawater. “Approximately 60,000 Indians were jailed for breaking the Salt Acts, including Gandhi, who was imprisoned in May 1930” (Biography.com Editors). Because of this march, combined with other protests and fasts that he organized, Gandhi was named Time magazine’s “Man of the Year” for 1930 (Biography.com

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    British salt acts placed taxes on salt and did not allow Indians to collect or sell salt. In defiance of this government monopoly, Gandhi planned a march to the Arabian Sea (Mahatma Gandhi). Followers went with him to the coastal town of Dandi and they broke the law my making salt from the sea water. The Salt March sparked many other protests as well as civil disobedience across India (Mahatma Gandhi). He also played a significant part in India’s road to independence.…

    • 1340 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Indians do not have to obey British’s laws and to not respect them. Thoreau guided his people to not pay British taxes, especially salt’s tax. The idea of “civil disobedience” belongs to Thoreau. Henry David Thoreau’s ideas had an important role of the India’s history. Mahatma Gandhi was inspired by him very much.…

    • 1110 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Mahatmas Gandhi and Maximilien Robespierre, both attempted to change the social and governing structures of their nations, but both hit difficult obstacles throughout their journey. Gandhi and Robespierre had many similarities and differences, but had the same overall goal. Although Gandhi had a different approach to reach his goals than Robespierre, they both made great efforts and sacrifices to get freedom for their country. Though, Gandhi and Robespierre had the same ideas of how to change their country, they still had some major differences between them. Gandhi always believed in nonviolent protests and acts, while Robespierre embraced violence.…

    • 456 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Peaceful and violent protest are deemed effective if they reach their goal, or create the change they wanted to see. For example, the Salt March led by Mohandas Gandhi in March of 1930 was to protest British rule in India. In an act of civil disobedience Gandhi along with thousands of Indians marched almost 240 miles to the town of Dandi, in order to protests the British Salt Acts. These laws prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt, and were forced to buy the British’s ridiculous priced salt. Gandhi led his supporters to Dandi, where they scooped up salt from the salt flats of the Arabian Sea.…

    • 1949 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    According to a well-known informational database, “Britain’s Salt Acts prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt, a staple in the Indian diet” (Staff Writers). This also placed a moderately large tax on the purchase of salt sold by the British. While a seemingly insignificant law, the origins of a more cohesive Indian unified front unfolded with the occurrence of Gandhi’s mass civil disobedience stemming from his fixation on said law. He took his followers on a two hundred mile march to the sea and “Three and a half weeks later, on April 5, surrounded by a crowd of thousands, Gandhi waded into the edge of the ocean, approached an area on the mud flats where evaporating water left a thick layer of sediment, and scooped up a handful of salt” (Engler and Engler). While a handful of salt does not seem impressive or rousing, the meaning behind it was vast.…

    • 1097 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Remarkably, through a revolutionary concept of nonviolence, Gandhi led the Indians and obtained freedom from the British. A big reason how Gandhi got freedom for India was The Salt March, which took place form March 12, 1930. The Salt March was largely a symbolic act, but it helped inspire the people to resist British rule. Gandhi and his men set out on there religious retreat, Gandhi and several of his men went on a trail that took over 240 miles to the costal town of Dandi. Furthermore, Gandhi and his supporters were to disobey the British policy by making salt from seawater.…

    • 718 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In his book Basic Education, Mahatma Gandhi wrote “I must continue to bear testimony to truth even if I am forsaken by all” to instill the virtue of truth for the creation of ideal citizens. Gandhi was the torch-bearer of civil rights movements during the age of British imperialism, and through his words and actions, the ideals of nonviolence and peaceful protest continue to this day. Gandhi showed that the actions of one individual can represent the sentiments of inequality and discrimination of the collective whole. Gandhi showcased the ideals of nonviolence, civil disobedience, and unity of all Indians through the Non-Cooperation Movement, the famous March to the Sea, and the “fast unto death” demonstration to protest the discrimination of the untouchable caste. Gandhi’s civil movement still holds significant value today, and exemplifies the power of one individual acting on the behalf of many.…

    • 753 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It is also a social virtue to be cultivated like other virtues. Surely society is largely regulated by the expression of nonviolence in its mutual meanings. What I asked for is an extension of it on a larger, national and international scale” (p. 209). Mahatma Gandhi understood that it was easy to be nonviolent and non-confrontational when there were no issues going on, but when people were challenging those protesting, were they going to continue to stand their ground and remain nonviolent. He wanted to challenge people to remain true to the movement and see that more could be accomplished through peaceful protest as opposed to burning down buildings and destroying the places they lived.…

    • 1799 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    When the British East India Company began to exert more power on the salt trade of India, laws and taxes were enacted to ensure Britain’s control over the salt monopoly. These laws restricted the dealing of salt from Indian suppliers, only allowing purchases from the British, and the salt was heavily taxed. Many of the poor were affected by this. On March 12, 1930, Mohandas Gandhi lead a march to the sea in defiance against Britain’s control over the salt. He and seventy-eight of his followers started on a 241-mile march towards the Arabian Sea.…

    • 705 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Gandhi never looked forward in violence and instead he just wanted to be a respectful, humble, peaceful leader. He was comfortable with the meaning of nonviolence therefore he made the nonviolence movement which concludes the British from attacking innocent people from India. As Gandhi made this specific movement, he saved many Indian lives as the British attacks were still in active. Historians believed that Gandhi’s movement is what stops the British and acknowledges the understanding of freedom from the Indian society. Freedom played a huge role in modern India, especially the understanding many Indians living in unhealthy environments.…

    • 1300 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays