Modes Project : Democracy And 5 Modes Of Democracy Essay
Democracy simply is “a form of government in which people choose leaders by voting” ,according to Merriam- Webster. However, that simple definition is just the building platform for the many ideas that other philosophers and political thinkers have built on democracy. It is hard to find one sole definition that satisfies each idea of all the philosophers, but there are some common characteristics among most definitions. These include the following: majority rule while maintaining minority rights, individual liberty , and fair elections.
Majority rule is commonly used in democracies to make decisions. Majority rule protects the views of the common majority. Pericles, the statesman of Athens during the Peloponnesian War( 431- 404 B.C.E), stated that the Athenian Constitution “ favored the many instead of the few” and that this was the reason that Athens was a democracy. However protection of the majority view may also put the minority’s views at risk. This is one of the reasons why democracies commonly include the protection of individual liberty.
Individual Liberty protects the fundamental rights of every individual in a democracy. These fundamental rights include the right of voting, freedom of speech and expression, educational rights and more. John Locke, an English Enlightenment philosopher, said, “ All mankind… being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty,…