Modernism In China

Superior Essays
Modernity, the quality of being modern, is inevitable as time only moves forward. However, modernism does not capture the time period most present, but instead captures the late 19th to early 20th century when the development of modern industrial societies and cities boomed in the West. Modernization in Western countries led to a rejection in traditional ways of thinking and religious belief as science and technology advanced. In China, the path of modernizing was not as simple; it was a ripple effect from the West that began when the Qing Dynasty collapsed and continued up until mid-20th century. The route to modernity was arduous and had many stops throughout history with influences from Soviet socialist ideals, making China’s modernization …show more content…
China has roughly five thousand years of history, but this paper will begin in 1840, when the Opium War of 1840— an Anglo-Chinese war fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing in China over conflicting viewpoint of diplomatic relations and trade—took place. The Opium war led to a great weakening of the Chinese people and the start of the Self-Strengthening Movement (SSM) that lasted from 1861 to 1895. The movement yearned to strengthen the nation by preserving traditional Confucian values while embracing Western military and industrial practices. However, the SSM proved to be ineffectively, leading to the downfall of the Qing dynasty, formation of the Nationalist party and beginning of China’s modernization period. Between 1915 and 1920, the New Culture Movement spawned from the “disillusionment with traditional Chinese culture following the failure of the Chinese Republic to address China’s problems” (QUOTE), leading to a revolt against Confucianism ideals which enveloped the entire. In addition, on May 4th, 1919, the May Fourth movement took place in response to the unequal treaty the West has imposed on China. In 1921, the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) was found, leading to two civil wars (the first being from 1927 to 1936 and the second from 1946 to 1949) between the Nationalist and Communist parties. In hopes to stop the spread of communism, the Nationalist party funded the New Life Movement, teaching citizens the importance of traditional values. In 1949, under Mao’s leadership, the Communist Party won and China official began People’s Republic of China. During Mao’s reign, three important movements include the Hundred Flowers Movement in 1957, the Great Leap Forward from 1958 to 1961 and the Culture Revolution from 1966 to 1976. The movements encouraged open criticisms of Communist policies and rapid transformation through industrialization in hope to

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    In 1840 the Qing dynasty was in control of the Chinese government. China was threatened by the British and Western Barbarians. This resulted in what is known as the Opium War. The British government was exporting Opium to China. Chinese citizens were getting addicted to opium and eventually the Chinese government stopped opium import from Great Britain.…

    • 1453 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The disappointment of the settlement to fulfill British objectives of enhanced exchange and political relations prompted the Second Opium War since 1856 until 1860). The war is presently considered in China as the start of cutting edge Chinese history. The Second Opium War, the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French undertaking to China, was a war setting the British Empire and the Second French Empire against the Qing line of China, enduring from 1856 to 1860. It was battled about comparable issues as the First Opium War. "Second War" and "Arrow War" are both utilized as a part of writing.…

    • 1012 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Great Britain and China have a long history together with economic, religious, and political interactions. From 1792 to 1900, Great Britain had been interacting with trade, but Great Britain had been limited to the Forbidden City. China eventually went into isolation and began to separate itself completely until Great Britain had shown its Industrial Superiority in the 1800s. Another thing that sparked in the 1800 was the Opium war which severely affected Chinese and British relation. British abuse of China’s economic system and constant refusal to stop, sparked this war to start.…

    • 836 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In 1937, the Anti-Japanese War was weaken Chiang’s government even more. Around the same time, because of using the right straight, the Chinese Communist Party was getting stronger and stronger under Mao’s leadership. Chiang did not realize that and still decided to fight a civil war in 1945. Therefore, the defeat of Chiang was because Chiang…

    • 1457 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The Qing dynasty began in 1644 when the Manchu people took over China and began their reign. It was not the greatest dynasty, nor the longest, but during its regime the people of China were changed forever, and it would be the last of the dynastic empires to rule. The people of China were exposed to the Western world through trade and conflicts like the Opium Wars. The influences that resulted from these exposures, as well as aspects of traditional Chinese Culture led to the modern Chinese government to become communist. Communism changed China and its people forever.…

    • 1175 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The international problems that China faced prior to the Taiping Rebellion was conflicting British and Chinese positions, which led to the Opium War. “This growing supply of opium caused great problems for China. The Qing emperor was angry about the situation. In 1839, one of his highest advisers wrote a letter to England’s Queen Victoria about the problem: The pleas went unanswered,…

    • 1168 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The 20th century was one of the tragic periods of Chinese history which encountered numerous extreme events which developed into the source of discontent in China. The Great Leap Forward, was one of the considerably the significant turning point where the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) failed to demonstrate credential for authority to make “China great again”. This involved deaths of many civilians, downfall economy which lead to enormous tension in China. The flop of CCP leader, Mao Zedong, leading the Great Leap Forward put his credentials as the CCP leader into question. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (the Cultural Revolution) took into action to regain Mao’s credentials as leader, bringing back the Chinese revolutionary spirit…

    • 1860 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Because of this, Qing’s government weakened even more and China grew angry and humiliated toward the British (www.chinaeducenter.com). After the Opium War, more countries took land and made the Qing Dynasty sign more unequal treaties through war during the 1850s to the 1900s. Two of the most tragic events that happened during these times were the Sino-Japanese War (1894-95) and the foreign invasion of 1900 after the Boxer Rebellion. After the defeat in the Sino-Japanese War, China had to give up Korea and Taiwan…

    • 1096 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Mongols were forced out of Korea as well as China Chapter 39, pg 516-520 and pg 521 China The decline of the Qing dynasty He opium wars lasted from 1839 to 1842 The British East India Company traded opium from India with people in south China In 1842 China lost power over some territory after signing part of the unequal treaties The taiping rebellion South China suffered the most from the discrepancies between China and Europeans During the Taipan rebellion, around 20 million Chinese people died The failings had control over eastern and southern China Failure of the late Qing dynasty Self-straightening was used to strengthen China to defend itself against barbarians China was treated as an inferior state Japan announced that they would be replacing China as the most powerful Asian nation Chinese disintegration after 1895 being defeated in 1895 hurt the Chinese ego China was forced to submit to the rule of foreigners Empress Dowager Cixi was empress for almost 50 years Law and government Express Cixi (1835-1908) She was the last ruler of the empire of China She was very smart, more than the normal person A few weeks before she died she assigned a cousin to read to her will Chapter 46…

    • 1390 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    After the defeat of the Boxer Rebellion, the Qing government was severely weakened. However, the biggest difference between the two was their motives. The Taiping Rebellion had aimed out overthrow the Qing government, this goal had made the…

    • 1134 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays