Modern Medicinal Policies For Dealing With Highly Contagious Diseases

1910 Words Nov 16th, 2016 8 Pages
In 1347 Europe was hit by one of the worst epidemics that the world has ever seen. In a period of approximately 5 years nearly 25 million people were killed by a nearly unstoppable disease. In an effort to save themselves and their cities, the authorities of northern Italy’s city-states utilized cutting edge programs to work against further transmittance of this catastrophic infection. The implementation of various quarantine practices led to the requirement for regulation of these policies and necessitated the formation of the first specialized hospitals and the creation of public health offices. Many of the modern medicinal policies for dealing with highly contagious diseases can be traced back to these primary practices and have changed a relatively minimal amount in the centuries since their creation.
The aftermath of the plague of 1347 induced the first major policy change regarding plague legislature. The authorities in northern Italy beginning to employ isolation to separate the infected from the healthy as a way to stop the spread of the illness, creating a method that has been found to be so useful that several centuries later the medical community continues to employ it as an effective way to prevent the spread of contagions. Prior to the Black Death, the word “quarantine” did not exist. The term developed from the Italian word for forty (“quaranta”) because forty days was decided to be the optimal period to have people withheld from society based on their theories…

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