What Is The Moderating Roles Of Hostile Aggression And Gender?

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1.) Atherton, Olivia E., Thomas J. Schofield, Angela Sitka, Rand D. Conger, and Richard W. Robins. 2016. “Unsupervised Self-Care Predicts Conduct Problems: The Moderating Roles of Hostile Aggression and Gender.” Journal of Adolescence 48:1–10. The article, Unsupervised Self-Care Predicts Conduct Problems: The Moderating Roles of Hostile Aggression and Gender presents a longitudal study done on 674 Mexican children ages 10 to 12 over a period of two years. The main questions addressed in the study were to find out if adolescent self-care was related to behavior problems, and if the self-care conduct problems were stronger for boys rather than girls. The article also addressed the question of whether the conduct problems and aggression presented …show more content…
Also addressed was the importance of the parent-child relationship in terms of support and guidance. The results of Coster’s study was found using the National Survey of Children with covariance structure analysis. The fact that the author is a professor in the Sociological department at North Carolina University and that the study was published in the Official Journal of The Midwest Sociological Society adds to its credibility and it’s data collection methods of the study. The results revealed that employed mothers of juveniles who have contemporary ideologies about mothering, and mothers who were not employed and have traditional ideologies, proved to have children who were less likely to engage in delinquent behavior. This result was said to be due to how the mothers themselves were raised, without stress and with the ability to form emotional bonds with their own children through learned traits. It was proven in Coster’s study that the most imperative aspect of mothering, regardless of employment, was the emotional bonds that were formed which protected adolescents from associating with delinquent peers and ensuing deviant …show more content…
The study was focused on 15 working mothers between the ages of 30 to 44, who were selected at random using a web-based random number generator. The validity of this study seemed viable in that a six step thematic analysis was conducted on qualitative data which was analyzed by a primary and secondary coder, both with previous experience. The study included 46.7 % of participants who were employed in part-time work and 40 % were employed full-time. The results of the study showed eight themes that presented in both full and part time working mothers. The themes were guilt, crossover effects of work on family, the availability of support, being a quality parent, getting the balance right, impact on couple relationship, having a career counts and the need for low intensity programs. Of these eight themes the one that was most prominent was guilt, it was present in all of the participant’s answers in regards to feeling inadequate in the ability to balance work and home life. The next major theme was occupational stress that lead to restrictive family time. Further results found that mothers felt it hard to separate themselves from work when they were home, presenting in difficulties concentrating on parent-child interactions and also lead to a reduced amount of patience

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