Model Of Organizational Model: The Garbage Can Model

706 Words 3 Pages
The Garbage Can Model was developed in 1972 by Cohen, March and Oslen. It deals with the pattern and flow of decision within a firm under a high degree of uncertainty. More specifically, it shows that under total uncertainty within the environment, a person’s behavior shifts to irrational or varying from a homo economicus (Tolbert & Hall, 2009, p. 115). There are four basic components that influence decisions which include: problems, solutions, participants and choice opportunities. Problems can arise from internal or external factors, thus this will prompt a decisions in which the person will rummage through the garbage can ("Garbage Can Model of Organizational Choice," 1999). Solutions are the answers looking for a question, in that the person already possesses an answer, but as you know large issues need preparation and thought ("Garbage Can Model of Organizational Choice," 1999). …show more content…
Lastly, choice opportunities, are the expectation to derive a decision ("Garbage Can Model of Organizational Choice," 1999). In the Garbage Can Model, these elements flow in and out of a garbage can unassociated, and which problems get assigned to answer is vastly due to luck. In other words, unlike the tradition theory, decisions do not flow in a systematic fashion from problem to solutions, rather they jump around unmethodically. As a result, decision by oversight, flight, and resolution is

Related Documents