Mitral Valve Regurgitation Essay

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Introduction
Mitral valve regurgitation, also called mitral regurgitation, is a condition in which blood leaks from the mitral valve in the heart. The mitral valve is located between the upper left chamber of the heart (left atrium) and the lower left chamber of the heart (left ventricle). Normally, this valve opens when the atrium pumps blood into the ventricle, and it closes when the ventricle pumps blood out to the body.
Mitral valve regurgitation happens when the mitral valve does not close properly. As a result, blood in the ventricle leaks back into the atrium. Mitral valve regurgitation causes the heart to work harder to pump blood. If the condition is mild, a person may not have symptoms. However, over time, this can lead to heart failure.
…show more content…
Your symptoms get worse.
Follow these instructions at home:
Lifestyle
Limit alcohol intake to no more than 1 drink per day for non-pregnant women and 2 drinks per day for men. One drink equals 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1½ ounces of hard liquor.
Do not use any products that contain nicotine or tobacco, such as cigarettes and e-cigarettes. If you need help quitting, ask your health care provider.
General instructions
Take over-the-counter and prescription medicines only as told by your health care provider.
Eat a heart-healthy diet that includes plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lowfat (lean) protein. Consider working with a diet and nutrition specialist (dietitian) to help you make healthy food choices.
Maintain a healthy weight and stay physically active. Ask your health care provider to recommend some activities that are safe for you to do.
Try to get at least 7 hours of sleep each night.
Find ways to manage stress.
Work closely with your health care provider to manage any other health conditions you might have, such as diabetes or high blood pressure.
Keep all follow-up visits as told by your health care provider. This is important.
Get help right away

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