Miscommunication: Phonology and Message Essay

5766 Words Dec 20th, 2010 24 Pages

1. Introduction 1
2. Phonetics and phonology – the transmission of a message 2
2.1. A communication model 2
2.2. Phonological elements of communication 3
2.3. Prosodic elements of communication 4
3. Miscommunication – Problems in the auditory channel 6
3.1. Hearing and Listening 6
3.2. Channel- based and interactional- related miscommunication 8
3.3. Sender and receiver related miscommunication 8
3.3.1 Prosodic problems 9
3.3.2 Phonological problems 10
4. Analysis of miscommunication 11
4.1. A phonological problem 11
4.2. Hearing and Listening 12
4.3. Prosody and homophones 14
5. Conclusion 15
6. Bibliography

1. Introduction

Sometimes it is not easy to transmit the intended meaning to a person during
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As sender and receiver do not share the same feelings, experiences, perceptions and ideas, the message can be interpreted differently by the receiver (ebd.). Consequently, miscommunication can arise. Regarding the Shannon and Weaver model, some possibilities where miscommunication might emerge are in the channel, where noise is a dysfunctional factor (Chandler o. A.: 2), on the listener’s side or during the process of encoding a message on the speaker’s side. However, there are other aspects that have to be considered in communication. We also need to know how the speaker succeeds in producing a sound and how the listener reconstructs the message. At this point phones and suprasegmental features play a role. When the speaker wants to encode a message, he takes a phoneme as a basis and produces a phone that is transmitted through the channel. According to Grasegger 2004 the speaker disposes of a creative function, a sending and listening function in his brain. The sending function in the brain thinks of a message that reaches the speech-organs through nerves. There the sound is produced by tongue, breath, palate etc. (Grasegger 2004: 17-31). The sound passes the channel through sound waves and reaches the ear of the listener. The task of the listener is now to reconstruct the message, which means recognizing the individual words, extracting their syntactic relationships, determining the semantic structure of

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