The Benefits Of Vaccines

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Medicine is always changing and improving as technology advances. When the first vaccine was discovered in 1796 by Edward Jenner to cure smallpox, it set the stage for years of research and development of vaccinations worldwide. A vaccination is a treatment that exposes hosts to a certain virus so that the immune system can fight off the disease in order to prevent future illness, if one were to be exposed to it. Some fear that vaccines are dangerous because they do have minor side effects and some parents are afraid to expose their child to such diseases; however, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) conclude that the benefits highly outweigh the costs (Vaccine Safety). Ever since the creation of vaccinations, the mortality rates of those …show more content…
Many laws and policies have been set to protect the rights of citizens living in impoverished countries and to ensure that they have equality in immunization coverage. In 2004, WHO launched the Developing Countries Vaccines Regulators Network to “…strengthen the regulatory capacity of developing countries to assess clinical trial proposals and to oversee ongoing clinical trials” (Maurice 35). Testing vaccines requires a clinical trial including a control group and the subjects of the trial need to know exactly what is going on for it to be ethically right. The Developing Countries Vaccines Regulators Network oversees the clinical trials and makes sure that if the vaccinations do end up working, they will be able to help citizens in poor countries. WHO also work together with UNICEF and GAVI to ensure equal access and affordability of immunizations for developing countries. GAVI, formed in 2000 by the funding from Bill and Melinda Gates, brings together UN agencies, governments, the vaccine industry to make immunization products more accessible by ensuring adequate supply and lowering prices (Gavi’s Mission). In many Africa and Middle Eastern countries, government funding for vaccines in 2007 was 0% (Maurice 84). UNICEF …show more content…
It has cured and prevented many deadly diseases in children and adults. This medical breakthrough, however, is still not able to reach all people across the world. Citizens living in impoverished countries struggle to gain access to immunizations, that could help them from catching and spreading diseases. Since many of the diseases are prominent in poor conditions, those in developing countries should have equal opportunity to such resources, yet this is still not occurring. WHO, UNICEF, and GAVI are organizations that work together to make vaccinations affordable and accessible to children in developing countries, and their efforts has helped increase immunization coverage greatly over the past years. Still, a lack of information and poor healthcare regulatory authority prevent even those efforts in providing substantial medical resources to poor countries. The Harvard School of Public Health stated in their findings on the study of the economics of immunization in developing countries, “Healthy children perform better at school, and healthy adults are both more productive at work and better able to tend to the health and education of their children. Healthy families are also more likely to save for the future; since they tend to have fewer children, resources spent on them go further, thereby improving their life prospects” (Maurice 81). A healthy lifestyle has long term positive effects

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