Mill's Principle Of Utilitarianism Analysis
Mill advocates for the utilitarian framework, which suggests an action is ethical if it maximizes the utility. Mill’s argument of utilitarianism is perhaps the most common in the modern society since the idea became very popular in time to a point where even churches started adopting it. In fact, one can argue that a real democratic government operates in a utilitarian model with the main aim being to serve the good of most of the people in such a system. This essay reviews Mill 's principle of utilitarianism with the primary goal being to determine what one should look at using the model to determine whether an action is ethical or unethical.
In the second chapter of his work Mill seeks to clarify what utilitarianism entails. He explains that utilitarianism is neither the joy of serving a selfish purpose (which many people associate with self-gratification) nor the avoidance of delight. In his argument utilitarianism is about delight and by extension avoiding unhappiness. Mill maintains that happiness for people goes beyond the fuzzy and warm feelings. From his explanation of utilitarianism entails in the second chapter of his work, it is clear that he suggest there is …show more content…
Utilitarianism argues that moral actions are those that seek to promote happiness and eliminate unhappiness and suffering in life. Therefore, under the principle, an action qualifies to be right if it either brings the most happiness or removes the greatest depression. As such, the contribution to the quality of life of both humans and non-humans is what makes morality justifiable and valid under the utilitarian perspective. In a nutshell, a morally right action is one that seeks to provide the greatest satisfaction to people or eliminate the highest level of unhappiness amongst people (and perhaps even lower forms of