Military's Role In Domestic Crisis Management

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Register to read the introduction… The major elements of these forces are the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force, consisting of about 1.4 million men and women on active duty. They are backed, in case of emergency, by the 1.2 million members of the Reserve and National Guard (The Department of Defense’s Role, 2003).
War or Military Conflict

The Department of Defense, with its active duty and reserve forces, and the option of federalizing National Guard units, has the largest and most diversified personnel assets in the Federal Government. (Homeland Security: The Department of Defense’s Role 2003, pg 3). This scenario is somewhat different from the others in the fact that you and your company have little or no control over what happens. War or Conflict of “crisis management (CrM), measures to identify, acquire, and plan the use of resources needed to anticipate, prevent, and/or resolve a threat or an act of terrorism. It is predominantly a law enforcement response, normally executed under federal law”. The Army regulation employs four phases of crisis management: The measures taken in advance of an emergency to reduce the loss of life and property and to protect a nation’s institutions, from all types of hazards through
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Mitigation measures may be implemented prior to, during, or after an incident. Mitigation measures are often informed by lessons learned from prior incidents. Mitigation involves ongoing actions to reduce exposure to, probability of, or potential loss from hazards. (Military Operations Army Emergency Management Program Army Regulation, 2009).
Response
The response phase includes the mobilization of the necessary emergency services and first responders in the disaster area. This is likely to include a first wave of core emergency services, such as firefighters, police and ambulance crews. When conducted as a military operation, it is termed Disaster Relief Operation (DRO) and can be a follow-up to a Non-combatant evacuation operation (NEO). They may be supported by a number of secondary emergency services, such as specialist rescue teams. (Emergency Management).

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