Military Conflict In The Rohingya

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The Rohingya are an ethnic minority group, majority of them being Muslim, who have lived for centuries in the majority Buddhist country of Myanmar. There are approximately 1.1 million Rohingya who live in the country. Yet, they are not considered one of the state’s 135 official ethnic groups and have been denied citizenship in Myanmar since 1982. Nearly all of the Rohingya in Myanmar live in the Rakhine state, which is one of the poorest states in the country, with ghetto-like camps and a lack of basic services and opportunities.
The Rohingya have lived in what is now Myanmar “from time immemorial,” according to the Arakan Rohingya National Organization. During the years of British ruling (1824-1948) there was a significant amount of migration
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Over the past years of conflicts, accompanied by serious human rights abuses, such as is the case of the Rohingya, have displaced millions of people from ethnic areas. The military has been attempting to unify Myanmar under a single territorial sovereignty with a brutal central government, whilst minority groups keep fighting for political autonomy. This military strategy seeks to undermine ethnic minority political and military organizations by targeting their civilian support base, thus causing armed conflicts that damage human and food security throughout the country, therefore impoverishing large parts of the civilian population. To this day, the army remains a major political force and controls several cabinet portfolios, such as defense, foreign, border, and home affairs.
Civilians living in ethnic areas are the worst affected by the country’s ongoing civil wars. The UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar says that between 1996 and 2006, the conflict has generated an estimated 1 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), many of whom belong to minority groups within the country. Citizens are also forcibly relocated to state-run and heavy militarized villages where their human rights are severely violated by Burmese Army
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An estimated of 785,000 people have immigrated to Bangladesh, where they mostly live in makeshift camps, although the latter consider the refugees as “illegally infiltrated” into the country and has often tried to prevent them from crossing its border. Bangladesh’s foreign minister has labelled the violence against the Rohingya as “a genocide,” as well as its Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina calling the UN and the international community to pressure Myanmar’s government to allow the return of the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya after visiting a refugee camp, adding that she would offer them temporary shelter and aid, but that Myanmar should soon “take their nationals back.” In contrast, refugees in Bangladesh have said that the government’s aid so far has been insufficient, with many saying they haven’t received help at all.
The response from the Myanmar government has been unsatisfactory thus far, as State Chancellor Aung San Suu Kyi, who is also the de facto leader, has not been able to address the magnitude of the situation or condemn the unfair force used by troops, stating that “ethnic cleansing is too strong an expression to use for what is happening.” The government also insists that military action in the Rakhine state is a proportionate response to the violence and has repeatedly denied accusations of its human rights

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