Mexico's Journey To Independence Essay

793 Words 4 Pages
1810 marked the beginning of the Spanish American Rebellions when nations in Latin America began to gain their independence from Spain. With the help of patriot rebels and a growing sense of nativism amongst the colonies, nations such as Mexico and Peru fought for independence. Mexico’s journey involved a large uprising of indigenous and mestizo populations that sparked the concept of nativism that led Mexico’s patriot armies to independence. Peru, on the other hand, avoided a large rebellion and gained its independence with the help of two South American patriot army leaders. However, it was a long fight for both nations to gain independence from Spanish rule.

Mexico’s journey to independence started in the early 1800’s as Creole and indigenous
…show more content…
In 1810, a Creole conspiracy involving the Creole priest, Father Miguel Hidalgo, began the political disruptions that would eventually lead Mexico to independence from Spain (Merrill). Hidalgo was an influential patriot rebel who spoke to the people of Mexico about the importance of defending Mexico against Peninsulars and how the time for revolution against Spain had arrived (Merrill). His message centered on the idea of Americans versus Europeans in the fight for Mexico’s independence. Up to eighty thousand mestizos and indigenous peasants followed Hidalgo’s message of uprising against Peninsulars. This large uprising gained ground and power against Peninsulars and Creoles as well (Chasteen 95). After Hidalgo was captured and executed, one of his mestizo officers, Father Jose Maria Morelos, carried on …show more content…
Unlike Mexico in the early 1800’s, Peru did not want to take the risk of revolting against Peninsulars. Peruvian Creoles knew that it was a dangerous situation to form a revolt of indigenous people against the Peninsulars because they had dealt with a similar situation in the past where thousand of Indians, mestizos, and Creoles were killed during a rebellion (Hudson). So, Peru took a slower approach to independence than Mexico (Chasteen 97). It wasn’t until 1817 when patriot army leaders Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin began fighting for independence in northern South America eventually Peru. Between 1817-1822, Bolivar had gained the support from llaneros in northern South America. With the help of the llaneros and Bolivar’s own patriot army, he successfully gained control over all of northern South America (Chasteen 105). During these same years, Jose de San Martin had been leading a patriot army in southwestern South America. After defeating Chilean royalists in the south, his army set out to defeat royalists in Peru. San Martin set forth towards Lima and was able to capture the city because the viceroy of Lima had retreated (Hudson). Although San Martin was able to free Lima from Spanish rule, he was not able to gain full independence for all of Peru. San Martin needed the help and resources of Bolivar to free Peru because he was unsuccessful in doing it himself. So,

Related Documents