Essay on Mexico : The Americas And The Pacific Islands

1463 Words Mar 7th, 2016 null Page
The Americas and the Pacific Islands were home to several ancient civilizations such whose remnants that underwent similar developments. The Olmecs of Mexico were a major cultural site based in Mesoamerica. The Caral-Supe of Peru is arguably the oldest civilization in the Americas and archeologist have only recently discovered various clues about the civilization. Lastly, the Lapita Culture in the Pacific Islands spread throughout the newly inhabited islands of the Pacific which demanded the constant navigation of the sea. Each of these civilizations share similar social structures and developments despite of the large distance between them. The Olmecs of Mexico lived in the tropical Gulf of Mexico, where its civilization enjoyed rich agricultural success. As with other civilizations, the first social distinctions came as a result of agricultural success. As von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow infer, the farmers with the highest productivity soon were able to ascend to power above farmers who were not as successful (136). The high population density of San Lorenzo suggests its importance as an urban center with priest, administrators, and craftspeople (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 137). Based on Archeological evidence historians suggest that San Lorenzo had up to 10,000 farmers cultivating the agriculture needed to sustain San Lorenzo (von Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 137). In 900 BCE an unknown event led to the destruction of the urban center. As von Sivers, Desnoyers.…

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