Metropolitan Police Act Essay

840 Words 4 Pages
The Metropolitan Police Act came into force in 1829. Under this act, the main principle was to prevent crime and play role of ‘social peacekeeping’ (Kleinig, 1996:11). This was a new form of policing system which was adapted by the 9 Peelian principles. Moreover this has continuously been reformed since. During the 1950 's policing and consent was introduced, which allowed police officers to use reasonable force when required. According to Mayne (1829) (in Ratcliffe 2008) The role of police has also changed throughout the years. However it’s ‘primary object of an efficient police is the prevention of crime’ (Mayne 1829). During the 18th Century policing was mainly based on appointed constables who couldn’t police effectively, it was unpaid, …show more content…
The police have an important role within society. Moreover introducing changes like; bringing Police Crime Commissioners (PCC) and the enforcement of two of the seven models of policing, Community and Neighborhood Policing. It could be argued both these models contributed to building up and maintaining trust and stability between the public and the police as well as the Police Crime Commissioners. However some argue that PCC’s have little or no impact on the society. 'Nearly 90% of voters in England and Wales have no idea who their PCC is even though over ‘£75m’ was spent for the elections (Travis 2013). In addition to the two policing models mentioned above, another two models; Problem Oriented and Intelligence-led Policing, also play a role in the development of policing. Both these models portray how the police is developing and adapting to new technology and techniques to make policing more efficient. In addition to this they both suggest that the current policing system is in need of reform. Yet they both differ on what they consider the main role of policing to be. This essay will compare and contrast Problem Oriented and Intelligence-led policing and explore its strengths and …show more content…
This method uses a very scientific approach to policing which in some situation is proven to reduce and prevent crime in the area using analytic data and evidence. It could be said that adopting this approach which is highly based on evidence removes the chances of time being wasted during an investigation. In addition to this it looks at: the pattern of crime, repeat victimization and hotspots for particular crime. However this can be criticized as it doesn’t necessary focus on the cause of the crime, as it focuses on the location. It ignores the root and the causes of crime. This model of policing was ‘first proposed by Herman Goldstein in the late 1970s’. According to Goldstein a change in the policing system was urgently needed to improve the effectiveness of policing for the community. It could be argued that it is a modern method of policing which complies with contemporary society. According to Goldstein (1977) this model of policing main purpose was to; prevent and control crime, Aid victims, identify dangerous situations, resolve conflict and maintain a feeling of security in society. (Tilley 2008: 380). Arguably this shows an example of how the police and the techniques used are changing alongside society therefore seen as complying with contemporary society. One of the main reasons

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