Uniform Crime Reporting System

Improved Essays
Incidents in our country happen every day. Since the beginning of last century, the statistical data for incidents have been collected and analyzed to help track where this country is heading and for the years to come. The two main sources of crime statistics come from Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). Each program has it own unique way to contribute statistically to these reports and have their own potential sources of error. The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program started in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police. In 1930, the FBI was tasked with collecting, publishing, and archiving these statistics. (U.S. Department of Justice) The UCR is a summary based …show more content…
UCR is not gone for good though; it just received a significant upgrade. The NIBRS system is incident driven, not summary driven like the UCR, and records each offense occurring in an incident. New methodology incorporates better details about incidences statistically giving it a more accurate approach to data consolidation. The traditional 21 offenses have been replaced with 49 other offenses for accurate organization. Information is reported on rate of crime and is computed on the number of crimes per some unit of population. NIBRS presents quantitative and qualitative data that describes each incident and arrest. (FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services Division) There are some bugs still to be worked out in the merging of these two systems. Now that we have discussed the police reporting side of statistics, this brings us to the victim’s self-reporting …show more content…
With UCR.NIBRS, there can be a misclassification of crimes or a suppression of multiple offenses by hierarchy rule. (Bureau of Justice Statistics) On the operational side, the definitions might be modified or the conversion process might not go as planned. Inadequate programming of computer systems may lead to discrepancies. Not all agencies have the same allocation of monies in order to support the system. The potential source of error for NCVS is the sampling error. The sampling is only taken from a sample of the target population. If the sample is larger, there is a decrease in potential error. There are other components of non-sampling error: specification error, frame error, non-response error, measurement error, and processing error.
In conclusion, there are two major sources of crime statistics UCR/NIBRS and NCVS. UCR/NIBRS uses police reports and NCVS uses the self-reporting from victims. This enables a full spectrum of statistics from both reported incidents and incidents that people are afraid to report. Both programs have evolved over time with tremendous changes. Training is a big key to both programs. Keeping agency officials and field representatives up to date improves the quality and cost associated with data

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    1. The first data collection source is the Uniform Crime Reports. UCR was a voluntary program that began in the 1920’s by the international association of chiefs of police. It was turned to the FBI in 1930. UCR’s collect data and statistics about the persons arrested, offense known to the police, crime offenses cleared by the police and law enforcement personnel.…

    • 941 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Together, the UCR and NCVS help report the crimes committed in certain areas. Crime measuring helps law enforcement, courts, and corrections detect what crimes are committed and where the crimes are committed. Each of the different types of measuring have advantages and disadvantages to thr Criminal Justice system. The UCR measures crime by the FBI. The FBI compiles…

    • 856 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Tracking criminal data in the United States is a large part of the process in understanding and preventing further crimes in each community and every year the FBI releases an analytical statistics report for crimes committed in the United States, called the Uniform Crime Report (UCR). The UCR program data collection is done by individual agencies, such as police departments where they compile data by arrests and offenses. This system is called the Summary reporting system or SRS and the data collected is turned in, once a month, to the FBI or indirectly to the UCR program (FBI.Gov, 2016). Resources used by public officials to identify how to classify or categorize crime include tools from the UCR website such as the UCR data tool which helps…

    • 1041 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    He focuses on how certain urban areas are unevenly developed; which leads to how crime can occur more often in certain locations that offer specific criminals advantages. In my book report, I want to evaluate criminal behavior based on the context of St. Jean theory while also looking at how they relate to the context of my own theories. I will also identify the main points of theories and key findings…

    • 1333 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Studies indicate that hotspot mapping prediction abilities differ between the different techniques and differ by crime type (Chainey et al., 2008). Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Crime (STAC) is one of the first hotspot mapping techniques (Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, 1996). It identifies the areas with the highest density and then fits a standard deviational ellipse to it. There has been criticism on STAC methodology due to its output as an ellipse and the parameter selection (Bowers & Hirschfield, 1999; Craglia, Haining, & Wiles, 2000; Ratcliffe, 2002b). Despite this, the method has been used by numerous police departments across the country for its ability to detect specific hotspot.…

    • 2082 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Broken Window Theory

    • 1835 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Caudill, J. W., Getty, R., Smith, R., Patten, R., & Trulson, C. R. (2013) Discouraging window breakers: The lagged effects of police activity on crime. Journal of Criminal Justice, 41(1), 18-23. The Broken Windows Theory has produced a lot of mixed results towards the ideas that crime can be reduced in poor neighborhoods through crime reductions strategy. Wilson and Kelling (1982) who introduced the Broken Windows theory, suggested that social disorder in neighborhoods was the primary source of why crimes occurred. Unfortunately, Order-maintenance policing is needed to reduce more extreme disorder that leads to more serious crime.…

    • 1835 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The participation to prevent crime from happening or simple as crime prevention can achieved in two ways: by changing the nature of the offenders or decreasing his or her opportunities. Go back in 1983; Ronald Clarke primarily separated crime prevention approaches into three different categories: degree of surveillance, environmental management and target hardening method. (Clarke, 1983:223) In 2003, Clarke together with Cornish increased the techniques to twenty-five by adding another different categories focusing on reducing opportunities of crime and provocations. And the twenty-five techniques categorized under five areas. First is increasing the effort of crime which is the basic ones.…

    • 488 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    People being asked if they have been victims of all different kinds of crimes collect this data. In this essay will describe the advantages and disadvantages of each of the three ways crime is measured. The “official” statistics data is from “official agencies” responsible fro dealing with juvenile offenders. The most commonly used official statistics are arrest data from the police. This is because depending on the crime committed the police go to juvenile court or juvenile correctional agencies.…

    • 1166 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The process by which a crime becomes an official statistic is through a reporting process, there are a couple stages involved in the translation of a crime to an official statistic. At each stage, there is a potential for the number of crimes that proceed to the next level to be reduced, so the final figure only represents a distorted proportion of the total crimes committed. This does not present an accurate portrayal of the real amount of crime that occurs within society. The gap between the volume of crime that is committed and the recorded official crime statistics, is referred to as the dark figure of crime. ‘We can speak of the dark figure of crime, or use the analogy of the official statistics as an iceberg, where what is revealed is a fraction of the actual events capable of being called crime.…

    • 1565 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Intelligence-led policing has proven to be a valuable practice in an effort to understand and respond appropriately to the criminal environment. There are several sources that may be utilized to gather information which includes the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report (UCR), victimization surveys, and self-reporting surveys. There is a strong demand for reliable, statistical data, which must be analyzed in order to achieve intelligence. Knowing the benefits, and limitations that these reports, surveys, and studies provide is crucial in understanding the full impact of crime in our society. Intelligence must be incorporated into the planning process to reflect community crime issues.…

    • 783 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays