Methods Of The NIBRS And National Incident-Based Reporting System

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Incidents in our country happen every day. Since the beginning of last century, the statistical data for incidents have been collected and analyzed to help track where this country is heading and for the years to come. The two main sources of crime statistics come from Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). Each program has it own unique way to contribute statistically to these reports and have their own potential sources of error. The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program started in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police. In 1930, the FBI was tasked with collecting, publishing, and archiving these statistics. (U.S. Department of Justice) The UCR is a summary based …show more content…
UCR is not gone for good though; it just received a significant upgrade. The NIBRS system is incident driven, not summary driven like the UCR, and records each offense occurring in an incident. New methodology incorporates better details about incidences statistically giving it a more accurate approach to data consolidation. The traditional 21 offenses have been replaced with 49 other offenses for accurate organization. Information is reported on rate of crime and is computed on the number of crimes per some unit of population. NIBRS presents quantitative and qualitative data that describes each incident and arrest. (FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services Division) There are some bugs still to be worked out in the merging of these two systems. Now that we have discussed the police reporting side of statistics, this brings us to the victim’s self-reporting …show more content…
Crimes that are not reported to police are known to be the dark figure of crime. The major data categories do not include the variables in criminal activity in our society. This survey was designed to estimate crimes, if they were known or not. (Schmalleger) Only individuals 12 and older are surveyed. Once a household is selected, they remain in the survey for three years of 7 interviews. Generally, all first interviews are conducted in-person. New households rotate into the sample on an ongoing basis to replace outgoing households that have been in sample for the 3-year period. (Bureau of Justice

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