Phenomenology: A Qualitative Study

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Methodology
Purpose
Quantitative and qualitative studies are two of the most wildly used research methods. For the purposes of this study, it is important to understand the differences of these two methods. A quantitative method is a process of inquiry that uses variables, measurements, and statistical examinations to test a theory. A qualitative method does not rely on proving theories, understanding variables, or conducting experiments. Rather, qualitative methods allow a theory or explanation to develop through, interviews, artifacts, and/or observations. (Neuman, 2002 & Creswell, 2013) Unlike qualitative methods, quantitative methods aim test a theory. According to Martin Marshall, qualitative research studies aims to provide illumination
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Therefore, this study will utilize a phenomenology research approach. Phenomenology is a qualitative research approach that emphasizes a focus on people 's subjective experiences and interpretations of the world. The root desire of phenomenologists is to understand how the world appears to others. (William 2006) Understanding how ET appears to teachers could provide critical information to administrators and ET businesses to ensure more effective ET system implementation. The targeted audience of this study will consist of K-12 teachers, school administrators, and ET …show more content…
Teachers within this population have diverse backgrounds and experiences. Teachers within the U.S. population may teach in urban or suburban districts, serve students with disabilities, have taught less than one year in the classroom, or have more that ten years of teaching experience. Given geographical, financial, and time constraints, this study will limit its research to teachers in New York and New Jersey schools. To ensure identification and selection of information-rich cases, purposeful sampling of teachers will be taken from available schools within New York and New Jersey. According to Creswell and Plano Clark (2011), purposeful sampling involves identifying and selecting individuals or groups of individuals that are especially knowledgeable about or experienced with a phenomenon of interest. Given that teachers within this population have characteristics, such as years of experience, settings, and subject, that can be determined, purposefully selecting participants will provide in-depth information to ensure a breadth of understanding. (Palinkas, et al., 2013) The purposeful selection criteria for participants will include teachers that have least than one year of teaching experience, have three to five years of teaching experience, have more than ten years of teaching experience, teach in an urban environment, teach in suburban environment, use technology often, do not use

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