Methadone Treatment For Opiate Dependence Essay

813 Words Nov 2nd, 2015 4 Pages
Methadone is a synthetic narcotic that relieves pain. It was first produced in the 1930 's by German scientists searching for a painkiller that would be less addictive than morphine. Years later during World War II, because of the shortage of morphine and other pain medications, another team of German scientists began researching and synthesizing the substance again. By the end of the war, the United States had obtained the rights to this drug and named it Methadone. In 1947 methadone was introduced into the United States to be used as a pain reliever, but eventually, its usefulness in treating narcotic addictions was uncovered. As heroin addiction became more frequent, researchers began to search for a substance that could reduce or eliminate drug cravings along with withdrawal signs and symptoms. In 1964, the effectiveness and usefulness of using methadone maintenance was realized. In 1971, methadone treatment for opiate dependence began to expand and the Federal Government developed regulations governing the use of methadone in the treatment of heroin addiction; final regulations were published in 1972. Not much changed until 2001, when regulations over methadone were modified to allow doctors and other health care professionals to provide methadone more effectively and consistently.
The controversy over the use of methadone in the treatment of addiction is mainly due to the idea of treating addicts with what is widely viewed as an addictive drug. There are many people…

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