Mesopotamian And Indus River Valley Civilization Essay

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In this essay I will be comparing the political and social structures of the Mesopotamian and the Indus river valley civilizations. To begin I will give you a little back ground about the Mesopotamian civilization and the Indus river valley civilizations. The Mesopotamian civilization began at about 3500 B.C. The Mesopotamian civilization was in between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. The Mesopotamian civilization created the first cities known as city-states. The Mesopotamian civilization also created the first real armies. The Indus river valley civilization began at about 2500 B.C. The Indus river valley civilization was located along the southern part of the Indus River. Their largest city Mohenjo-Daro was located where present day Pakistan is located. However the Indus river valley civilization stretches across present day …show more content…
Religion is an important part of civilizations because it can shape a whole government system of a civilization. The religion of the Mesopotamian civilization was polytheistic. This meant that they believed in many Gods. They had Gods for just about everything like the sun God which they prayed to whenever they needed sun or the rain God which they prayed to when they needed rain for their crops. This was very common in civilizations from all over the world. Later when Kings were introduced the kings were seen as representatives of Gods, which gave them a great sum of power over their civilization. In the earlier years of the Indus valley civilization their religion was Hinduism which was polytheistic. This meant they believed in many Gods like the Mesopotamian civilization. However there is one difference between the two civilizations. Later on in the history of the Indus river valley civilization they converted to Buddhism which is a monotheistic religion. This meant they only believed in one God, which was

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