Mesopotamia Analysis

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Register to read the introduction… (6) In this section we learn about the Sumerian cities of Uruk, Ur, Lagash, Eridu, and Kish as well as the Akkadians. The Sumerian people were known as the first historical society, they had patron gods for each of their city-states, and they were known for economic, political, and religious competition and owned slaves. (6) One of the more interesting parts of our text for me was the epic of Gilgamesh and it’s comparison to the book of Genesis. (6) I think it is amazing how the stories can be so similar coming from different cultures. I think it can be compared to the legend of Babel and how that became a form of spoken history that was passed down from generation to generation. After the Sumerian culture our text introduces us to the Old Babylonian Empire where Hammurabi ascended to the throne in 1792 B.C.E. (7) Hammurabi used writing as a weapon, which makes me wonder; is that when people first discovered that the pen is mightier than the sword? Or, that knowledge is power? I just think it is amazing that in a time of supposed barbarism things like intellect were so valued. Another fascinating fact about Old Babylonia is the creation of the Code of Hammurabi, which is well known, but the actual creation of the code was revolutionary. This was the interweaving of politics and religion and the world has continued this practice since its creation. (8) Hammurabi left the world with his legacy of …show more content…
(14) This period of time between 1550 – 1075 B.C.E. is known as the New Kingdom. During this time there was rise of a new aristocracy of military commanders. (15) These aristocrats acquired their wealth through warfare. “The Eighteenth Dynasty itself was forged in battle,” I think this is a great way to summarize this period of time. (15) The leader Thutmose drove the Nubians out of Egypt and secured gold mines which lead to great wealth in the country. This new found wealth was used to finance further advancement into the Near East. This time of military strength would last in Egypt for the next 400 years. (15) Another point of interest in the Eighteenth Dynasty was the advancement of women as rulers. Our text introduces us to the warrior queen Ahhotep, Queen Hatshepsut who declared herself a pharaoh in her own right, and Queen Nefertiti. (16) This is particularly interesting to me because it seems that women didn’t play much of a role in history until the time of the Eighteenth Dynasty, and after that we start to see an emergence of women in powerful positions. The reign of Akhenaten introduced us to changes in Egyptian religion. (16) This was revolutionary as Egyptians had always worshiped many different gods and now their ruler was assigning a singular god, Aten. He even went so far as to change his own name from Amenhotep to Akhenaten, which means “He Who Is Profitable

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