Mesoamerica And Mesopotamia Similarities

Improved Essays
During the course of this semester, we have been focusing on the earliest civilizations and what they have contributed to our society today. Although Mesopotamia (Sumerians) and Mesoamerica (Olmecs) are relatively near each other and there are numerous similarities, they still had distinct differences. Mesoamerica was more advanced than Mesopotamia despite the fact that archaeologists have found limited evidence. While the Sumers had a not-so-whopping population of 18,000 per city, the Olmecs had from 20,000 to 50,000 people that lived in one city. Apparently the hemorrhagic fever, Cocoliztli, did not make much of a dent in the Mesoamerican civilization. Surprisingly, both civilizations did not move as often as we do. As a result, they flourished …show more content…
The Sumers were polytheistic, they believed in around 200 deities. The Sumers thought that they were responsible for everything, so much that they selected a patron deity for each city. The Olmecs were monotheistic, they believed in nonhuman-like gods and goddesses. The were-jaguars were the central focus of their religion because they appeared throughout all of Olmec cities. Since the Olmecs were a mother civilization, many jaguars have been seen throughout more modern Mexican deities. The Mesopotamians molded sculptures of animals, deities, priest, and worshippers. The Mesoamericans formed 17 humongous heads made of basalt, jade jewelry, and tools of bone and stone. The Sumers were quite the architects, for archaeologists uncovered houses, temples, palaces, and ziggurats. Their structures were of the highest level of design because the Sumerians used exact measurements. On the contrary, the Olmecs built less accurate structures yet were still very impressive, including buildings, monuments, courtyards, pyramids, and ceremonial mounds. Olmecs were the first to make and use two-story houses. Cities were centered around a grand mound which was heavily decorated with many elaborate and sometimes frightening stone carvings. Since the Olmecs were obsessed with the stars and often observed the sky, they were incredibly skilled astronomers. They devoted some jobs to astronomy and in return, they made inventions more advanced than any other of their neighbors. The Sumerians were not as advanced with their science than the

Related Documents

  • Great Essays

    Mayans would sacrifice anyone, but those who held the knowledge were spared. The Mayans acquired knowledge of astronomy far more advanced than any part of the world at the time. The few writings that were not burned by the Spanish demonstrate knowledge of constellations, the solar system, and most impressively, a spherical Earth. The knowledge that the…

    • 2159 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Ancient Egyptian Pyramids

    • 1356 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Nowadays, almost everyone associate the ancient Egypt with the Great pyramids. The complex of the ancient pyramids of Giza are impress us with its size. However, pyramids of Giza are not the only pyramids of Egypt. There are many other pyramids exist, but they do not differ with that grandiosity that the pyramids of Giza have, which amazed human beings in the past and continue to astound today. Even the idea that people with only primitive mechanical devices built these bulks, admire and will admire us in the future, regardless of the fact that since the establishment of the Egyptian pyramids have passed the millennium.…

    • 1356 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Mayan Religion

    • 1274 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Many of their findings were applied to their rituals and used to serve the gods. Astronomy, which led to the 365-day calendar we use to this day, was due to the Mayans extensive belief and research in the stars and the universe, which they thought were creations of the gods. This knowledge of time assisted them in harvesting their crops and predicting cosmic activity. Also, it is significant that the priests were the ones who usually led most innovations, most likely because they were the most educated. However, because of this, most innovations usually had a religious purpose behind them as well.…

    • 1274 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    As the Ancient Egyptian religion went onward, all of Egypt’s essential components seamlessly blended together. The Egyptians made temples using their skill in architecture in order to create temples as a place to worship their perspective gods and goddesses. Furthermore, the Egyptians used hieroglyphics in order to write down their religious beliefs. Similarly, future civilizations were influenced by the Egyptians and also put a large focus on their religion. Interestingly enough as explained in The Decalogue and the Egyptian Book of the Dead the author talks of some of the commandments in Egyptian culture “ 1) I have not been a person of anger …16) I have not stolen land.” (Hood, 53) In Egyptian society it was very important to follow guidelines and…

    • 1408 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Maya strongly believed in the influence of the cosmos in their daily lives, and believed humans needed to follow certain patterns for the relationship to stay harmonious. The Mayas’ understanding of celestial bodies was far advanced for their time, as they were able to predict solar and lunar eclipses with mathematical tables from 300 CE. The Maya also had important past knowledge from generations of astronomer-priests, which helped them make accurate observations of Venus and the Moon. Astronomy was sometimes associated with architecture as well, as the Maya built certain structures in relation to celestial bodies. They believed the moon, planets, and the sun represented a certain gods.…

    • 1623 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Pyramids In Ancient Egypt

    • 1002 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Egypt is an ancient, powerful, renowned country ruled by pharaoh’s, watched over by thousands of mighty gods, and shaped by their immortal pyramids and who can forget; famous for their incredible invention of mummification. It’s an ancient civilization that is unmatched by any other of its time. Hundreds of movies were produced based on its pharaoh’s, mummification ritual, and culture. Many books talk about famous pharaohs and their mighty tombs; or pyramids as they are more often referred to nowadays. Now, a burning question; has the builder of these mighty pyramids ever been thought of before?…

    • 1002 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Maya Culture

    • 1044 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Culture Artifact 1: (SLIDE 2) Itzamna sitting on a throne holding a vision serpent (Werner Forman) The civilization had more than 160 Gods and they all had to do with the forces of nature. This artifact shows Itzamna holding a vision serpent and is sitting on his throne. Itzamna chief God and ruler of Heaven. It is believed that Itzamna taught the use of calendars, healing, script writing and brought cacao and maize which is the main source of food (Gall 13-20). Artifact 2: (SLIDE 3) Trader/Wall Painting/ Mayan Culture (Trader) Daily life in the Maya civilization revolved around working.…

    • 1044 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Mayan Civilization Quiz

    • 1194 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Most Maya pyramids were built to reflect astronomical events. As you already know the Maya were advanced astronomers, architects and mathematicians so it isn’t surprising…

    • 1194 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The first law says that a planet’s path goes around the sun. The other describes the speed of a planet. All in all, the study with Mars is vital to the astronomical advantages we have today. In conclusion, the Scientific Revolution was vital to the things that we have today, and Johannes Kepler was among the great minds in that time. His advances in astronomy and mathematics were quite vital to things as important as bifocals and as obscure as an explanation for depth perception.…

    • 509 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    For example, The Great Pyramid was the world’s tallest building for over 3800 years until the Lincoln Cathedral was built in 1300. The pyramid stood at an original height of 481 ft, and with its original polished limestone outer layer, could be seen from the moon. In addition, architectural structures display a remarkable and impressive understanding of such advanced subjects as mathematics and astrology. Since they relied on the Nile and it’s patterns, Ancient Egyptians were very knowledgeable about the system within the stars. Many of their magnificent structures showcase a complex understanding of the world around them.…

    • 1500 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays