Mentor Roles

1853 Words 8 Pages
Big Brothers, Big Sisters of America is a volunteer-based intervention organization that has assisted the youth population by changing their perspectives and giving the youth the opportunity to reach their full potential. The organization’s procedure is pairing a child with a mentor which results in building a strong relationship with unrestricted potential. Mentors go through background checks and necessary training to be able to volunteer as a big brother or a big sister. In the present paper, the role and the effectiveness of the mentor in a youth’s life and the most effective qualifications of the mentor will be investigated. It is hypothesized that involving the youth in a mentor program and incorporating mentors who have certain preexisting …show more content…
In a research article by Leyton-Armakan et al. (2012), two components were observed. First, whether three preexisting characteristics (self-worth, cultural empathy, and mental health) of the college women mentors were related to the mentees’ (adolescent girls) satisfaction with the mentoring relationship and self-reported improvement. Second, if the relationship between the mentor’s characteristics and mentee outcomes varied by racial match. The focus of the study is to investigate the importance of identifying specific characteristics of mentors that lead to positive experiences for mentees to optimize the effectiveness of youth mentoring. A sample of 142 paired college women and early adolescent girls participating in the Young Women Leaders Program (YWLP) were used in this study. Surveys that the participants completed involved measurement of their academic, social, and emotional adjustment and their experiences of the program, as well as their mentor or mentee. The results indicate, using Pearson’s correlations, that there were three significant correlations between mentor and mentee variables: the mentor’s relationship with her own parents prior to the match with a youth was positively correlated with mentee’s satisfaction with feeling supported by their mentor (r =.15, p > .01), mentor’s initial level of autonomy was negatively correlated …show more content…
The topic of the effectiveness of an adult to youth mentoring program is addressed by testing the effects of the specific program as regularly practiced, upon the target domains: substance use, delinquency, emotional and behavioral problems, social competence, quality of life, and school performance. The sample consisted of 128 youth who were 14-years old. Each participant was assigned to either the mentoring group or the intervention control group. The follow-up occurred with a mean of 396 days for the mentoring group and 400 days for the control group. The sample was largely Caucasian and 28.9 % (37) youth reported that their parental guardians originated from other countries than Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Finland. Substance abuse and alcohol consumption were also looked at among both girls and boys. Paper and pencil questionnaires were administered by mentor staff to mentees instructed by the research team. Baseline and 12-month follow-up measurements were administered and included: self reports on emotional, behavioral, and substance abuse measures from youth, the parents who sent postal questionnaires, and grade point averages. Mentors were also e-mailed on a monthly basis about the frequency and duration of the match meetings. The control group was contacted by research staff via phone every second month during the follow-up year.

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