Mental Illness And Borderline Incompetence

1151 Words 5 Pages
Unfortunately, mentally ill individuals fall into the category of borderline incompetence. Within America, there are tens of millions of people who are affected by mental illness and only about half of those affected, receive treatment (NIMH). The lack of knowledge towards the mentally ill within our society has allowed neglect and misunderstanding to occur. Due to this, mentally ill individuals are not represented or supported well within our society. Mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health conditions and disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors (Mayo Clinic). This definition of mental illness …show more content…
Their autonomy is usually compromised due to the stigma that accompanies the label “mentally ill”. Autonomy refers to the freedom and self-direction that an individual possesses. Self-direction is heavily based on a person’s thoughts, experiences and most importantly, their awareness of themselves and their interactions with animate and inanimate objects. A mentally ill individual may not have self-direction if their illness is severe and disabling (i.e. manic depression, schizophrenia or insanity). In cases where a patient’s autonomy is questioned, paternalism should be used. Paternalism should be used when the patient cannot make sound or rational decisions for themselves. If the patient’s mental illness is too severe it should be proven that they are temporarily incompetent. Autonomy and competence can be complimentary in certain situations and …show more content…
He unchained his patients and looked for natural causes, all with therapeutic results (Pence). The treatment of mentally ill patients should always be necessary and beneficial to the patient. If their irrational thinking causes them to refuse treatment their autonomy should be honored if they are not harmful to themselves or to others. If they are, a utilitarian stance should be adopted where the patient should be given therapy, intervention or antipsychotics for the greater good of the patient’s environment and significantly the patient themselves. A person’s humanity should not be reduced due to an illness. If the patient must be institutionalized, individual and delicate treatment must be administered during their stay in the mental facility. The mentally ill patients should not be treated like perilous criminals. They are victims of excess/lack of neurotransmitters and mental disarray. The Kennedy administration 's suggestion should be followed where they advocated small, community-integrated facilities rather than large, impersonal state institutions (Pence). Community based facilities would be preferable because the mentally ill would feel less objectified if their treatment is more warm and personal. Vast state institutions lack the intimate treatment that a small local facility can offer. If there are fewer patients within a facility their treatment and

Related Documents