Mental And Behavioral Health Disorders Essay
Research has confirmed that youth offenders experience a significantly higher rate of diagnosable mental and behavioral health disorders in relation to the general youth population. More specifically, Schubert and Mulvey (2014) reported that, “roughly 50 to 70 percent of juvenile offenders experience a diagnosable mental or behavioral health disorder, whereas only 9 to 13 percent of youth in the general population experience a diagnosable disorder” (p.3). Scholars have also established that youth offenders with such disorders face greater risks at falling victim to the juvenile justice system. Youth with emotional, mental and behavioral health disabilities are more likely to be arrested and incarcerated when compared to their peer counterparts without disabilities (Holmquist, 2013). Based upon these trends, there is an increased need for attention on the factors that are contributing to the various challenges in relation to police encounters with juveniles that experience mental and behavioral health disorders.
The most substantial challenges related to police encounters with juveniles experiencing mental and behavioral health disorders rise from the school-to-prison pipeline. This growing phenomenon refers to policies and practices that are being used to push students out of the classroom and into the juvenile justice system (ACLU, 2008). This is important to address when discussing police encounters with such juveniles…