Meniere's Disease Research Paper

1135 Words 5 Pages
Audiology is the study of hearing and sometimes various diseases and conditions can affect the normal balance and process of one’s hearing. In this paper we will address one of the major causes of hearing deficits known as Menere’s disease. This paper will also demonstrate the procedure this writer performed during a class activity assignment and its results. At the end one can see pictures of the turning fork equipment and how the procedures was administered.
According to the (National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders), (NIDCD), Meniere’s Disease is a “disorder of the inner ear that causes severe dizziness (vertigo), ringing in the ears (tinnitus), hearing loss, and a feeling of fullness or congestion in the ear that
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The test does not hurt and it is done using computer technology. The test evaluates the blood flow and the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The purpose of the (MRI) is to rule out abnormal physical conditions and of the head and possibly the middle ear for Meniere’s disease.

Audiometric testing (hearing) electronystagmography (ENG), test measures the inner ear pressure in the cochlea. This is the small shaped bone structure in the inner ear that controls one balance. The (ENG) will show if there is an increase in fluid pressure. Inner ear pressure is one of the main criteria’s for diagnosing Menere’s disease. The Otolaryngologist or ENTwill insert a sterile electrode tube close to the ear drum to measure the pressure and if there is too much fluid the pressure effects one balance.

The Transtympanic electrochleography (ECOG) also known as the caloric test measure eye movement and eye nerve reactions to air or warm and cool water. Sometime the (ENT) will test for balance nerve symptoms as well. Small electrodes are attached gently to the skin in several different positions to the outer sides of the eye, or the ear canal. The ENT may also opt to perform the test manually with caloric test. If Menere’s disease is present this test certain pattern known as mystagmus will reveal itself in side by side eye movement from the water
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The patient will signal when the sound ceases. The Turning Fork is then repositioned over the patient’s ear canal careful not to touch the ear. In this experiment the participants were instructed to signal when he or she did not hear the sound. If the sounds could not be heard after moving the Turning Fork it was then was placed near the outside of the ear, it represented damage to the tympanic membrane or ear Ossicles (conductive deafness) represent a positive Rinne Test. These are the results of the participants in the Bone Conduction test-Alex-(right ear-16-17); M. J. (right ear-7-23); Tionne-(right ear-4-8); and S.Allen-(right ear-2-18).
Next was the Air Conduction test under this procedure the patient indicates when the sound ceases. Normal air conduction is better than Bone Conduction however; the Air Conditioning persists twice as long as the Bone Conduction. The Air Conduction is also known as the “positive test”. The results of this test by the classmates was Alex (left ear 5-16); M. J. (Left ear -4-10); Tionne (left ear-12-15) and S. Allen (left

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