Memory Retrograde Amnesia

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Amnesia or amnesic syndrome, is a shortage in memory caused by damage in the brain. The person with amnesia won’t be able to remember certain things. The extent of the damage determines whether the memory is fully or partially lost. Though having no sense of who you are is a common plot device in movies and television, real-life amnesia generally doesn't cause a loss of self-identity. Instead, people with amnesia are usually aware and know who they are, but may have trouble learning new information and forming new memories, or remembering old memories. In most cases, amnesia is a temporary condition, lasting from a few seconds to a few hours, but the duration can be longer; few weeks to few months, depending on the severity of the disease. …show more content…
Retrograde amnesia is the inability to recover information that was taken before a specific date, usually the date of an accident or operation. However, he or she can still develop memories after the accident. Retrograde is usually caused by head trauma or brain damage to parts of the brain besides the hippocampus. The hippocampus is responsible for training new memory. People suffering from retrograde amnesia are more likely to remember general knowledge rather than specifics. They usually remember older memories rather than recent ones. Retrograde amnesia is usually temporary and can be treated by exposing them to memories from the loss. Anterograde amnesia is the inability to remember things for long periods of time because of the brain damage. The brain damage can be caused by the effects of long-term alcoholism, stroke, or a surgery. Anterograde amnesia cannot be treated with pharmaceutical drugs. However, treatment exists in educating patients to define their daily routines in addition to social and emotional support. Anterograde amnesia is the more common of the two. Sometimes both these types of amnesia may occur together, sometimes called total or global amnesia. Other types include Post-traumatic amnesia, Dissociative amnesia, Posthypnotic amnesia, Lacunar amnesia, and Childhood amnesia. Traumatic amnesia is due to a head injury. Dissociative amnesia; which results from a psychological cause and direct damage to the brain caused by head injury Posthypnotic amnesia occurs when past memories are unable to be recalled. Lacunar amnesia is the loss of memory about one specific event. Childhood amnesia is the inability to remember events from one's own

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