Memory Retrograde Amnesia

Superior Essays
Amnesia or amnesic syndrome, is a shortage in memory caused by damage in the brain. The person with amnesia won’t be able to remember certain things. The extent of the damage determines whether the memory is fully or partially lost. Though having no sense of who you are is a common plot device in movies and television, real-life amnesia generally doesn't cause a loss of self-identity. Instead, people with amnesia are usually aware and know who they are, but may have trouble learning new information and forming new memories, or remembering old memories. In most cases, amnesia is a temporary condition, lasting from a few seconds to a few hours, but the duration can be longer; few weeks to few months, depending on the severity of the disease. …show more content…
Retrograde amnesia is the inability to recover information that was taken before a specific date, usually the date of an accident or operation. However, he or she can still develop memories after the accident. Retrograde is usually caused by head trauma or brain damage to parts of the brain besides the hippocampus. The hippocampus is responsible for training new memory. People suffering from retrograde amnesia are more likely to remember general knowledge rather than specifics. They usually remember older memories rather than recent ones. Retrograde amnesia is usually temporary and can be treated by exposing them to memories from the loss. Anterograde amnesia is the inability to remember things for long periods of time because of the brain damage. The brain damage can be caused by the effects of long-term alcoholism, stroke, or a surgery. Anterograde amnesia cannot be treated with pharmaceutical drugs. However, treatment exists in educating patients to define their daily routines in addition to social and emotional support. Anterograde amnesia is the more common of the two. Sometimes both these types of amnesia may occur together, sometimes called total or global amnesia. Other types include Post-traumatic amnesia, Dissociative amnesia, Posthypnotic amnesia, Lacunar amnesia, and Childhood amnesia. Traumatic amnesia is due to a head injury. Dissociative amnesia; which results from a psychological cause and direct damage to the brain caused by head injury Posthypnotic amnesia occurs when past memories are unable to be recalled. Lacunar amnesia is the loss of memory about one specific event. Childhood amnesia is the inability to remember events from one's own

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Amnesia Research Paper

    • 1724 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Debunking the Myths Surrounding Amnesia and Their Origins There are few myths about amnesia and its affects. One of them is that most people with amnesia forget everything about their identities and all of their past memories. A second is that one way to get rid of amnesia is to have another head injury (Lilienfeld, Lynn, Ruscio, Beyerstein, 2010). Theses myths are a problem if left unaddressed because it causes people to have misconceptions about memory, learning and how the brain works. It is also important to discredit the myth so people know what to except if they themselves or someone they know is diagnosed with amnesia.…

    • 1724 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    What Causes Memory Loss

    • 265 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Head injuries can occur during car accidents, sports injuries, or similar events. When something like this occurs, brain tissue can be damaged or torn apart. Thus causing memory loss (short & long term). Memory loss can also be a result of anxiety & depression(Memory Loss: When to Seek Help). In fact, most people experience memory loss from stress rather than from Alzheimer’s.…

    • 265 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Superior Essays

    However, in certain cases, memory loss may start slowly and minimally but as time goes on it gradually intensifies. These people may be able to remember certain events and not others, and their memory comes in waves. They may remember an occasion from forty years ago, but cannot remember what they did the day before. Such cases are often seen in the elderly–grandparents, great grandparents, or aging parents commonly–and several people brush it off as aging. Although numerous people do experience loss of their retention as they age, not all experience devastating memory loss.…

    • 1788 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    In addition, to the parietal lobe that controls our senses of touch awareness, other lobes such as the frontal and temporal lobes are affected in the same way. This is because each of these control just a third of what controls our conscious voluntary movements. Such movements involve little things like snapping ones finger, or more difficult actions such as dancing. To remember how to perform these actions involves memories that need to be stored into long-term memories. The Alzheimer’s Disease however, hinders these abilities.…

    • 1280 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Amnesia Theory

    • 824 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Smith believed that those who suffered from retrograde amnesia had a stronger correlation with Alzheimer. This makes sense because those who suffer from Alzheimer forget their past. There might be a part they can remember. According to Smith, she believed that people with both of these amnesias can sometimes remember familiar situations but then can forget what was going on. Skull…

    • 824 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The long-term effect of drinking can cause Korsakoff syndrome, which is the deficiency of thiamine (Oudman, E. 2014). The Korsakoff s syndrome is also known for its effect on the brain’s memory, individuals with this syndrome do have anterograde amnesia, and they cannot store new information to memory. The deficiency in the body because of the chronic misuse of alcohol has done damage to the diencephalon part of the brain. This brain cells are killed in areas of the diencephalon, thalamus and hypothalamus parts of the brain. Patients that have Korsakoff also have a cortical atrophy that the outer layers of the brain are wasting away.…

    • 1151 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Normal memory loss compared to dementia is commonly difficult to differentiate. Aging can be both humble yet surprising. Hair begins to fade, skin wrinkles, muscle mass wanes, and body temperatures chill (helpguide, 1). Aging is known to have gradual memory loss rather than progressive memory loss. Progressive memory loss can be a sign of dementia in middle aged individuals.…

    • 1172 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The more severe the condition the more memory lost. Individuals may have disruptive behaviors or mood changes due to the changes in the brain. Patricia Alpert explained that brain changes and disuse weakens the neuronal connectivity to receive, process, and transmit information (Alpert 2012: 74). This means that elders with AD learn new information slower and process slower. Their responses and reaction may be different from normal.…

    • 1019 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Groups of nerve cells have special jobs. Some are involved in thinking, learning and remembering.” b. http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_what_is_alzheimers.asp i. Second stages of Alzheimer’s disease start to change the behavior of the person to a high extent. Clients are not as aware of their feelings and emotions and have a complete change in their personality. This causing them to become less aware of their actions and how they treat others.…

    • 552 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Much of this modern research suggests that in certain cases anterograde amnesia is not permanent, such as in when it is brought on by Alcohol. Research also suggests that anterograde amnesia is can potentially be caused by a wider range of ailments than what was previously thought. A recent landmark study of Anterograde Amnesia was Profound Anterograde Amnesia Following Routine Anesthetic and Dental Procedure by Gerald H. Burgess and Bhanu Chadalavada. Other landmark studies have included research regarding damage to the hippocampus as well as cases of anterograde amnesia being a symptom of an athletic concussion. The most famous psychology study is that of Patient H.M. who had suffered extreme amnesia due to having parts of his brain removed due to severe…

    • 1743 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays