Memories Are False And Affect Crime Cases Essay

1044 Words Apr 1st, 2016 null Page
Memory is defined as “The mental capacity or faculty of retaining and reviving, facts, events, impressions, etc., or of recognizing previous experiences.” Many people rely on their memories and are convinced their memory is always correct. Scientist have tested memory multiple times and found that memory is not all that reliable. Memory has been found to be affected by many factors such as emotions, verbs, selective attention, and many more. The following article explores the ways memories are false and affect crime cases.
The article written by Laura Beil, “The Certainty of Memory Has Its Day in Court” informs readers about how memory can be unreliable. In witness testimonies, memory is vital to gather suspects in a crime. The issue is, memory is not always credible because it can be altered in various ways. The article states that “ memory is not so much a record of the past as a rough sketch that can be modified even by the simple act of telling a story.” Which tells readers that one’s memory can be changed in the simplest ways, therefore witness testimonies can be incorrect. There is suspicion that witness testimonies should not be heavily weighted in a prosecution considering that memory can be fragile and may result in the arrest of an innocent person. Memory can lose details, create imaginary details, or be affected by conditions. Elizabeth Loftus conducted a study in 1974 in which she asked participants to watch a video that has a car accident. The car accident…

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