University of the People
Statue of Gudea vs. The Royal Acquaintances Memi and Sabu
In ancient societies like the ones of the Statue of Gudea as well as The Royal Acquaintances Memi and Sabu, sculptures told a story. Sculptures throughout history have been created for different purposes, but these two exhibit two very distinct purposes and features – the first was a representation of royalty and power while the other honored and helped the spirits of the deceased.
A sculpture is defined by Britannica as “an artistic form in which hard or plastic materials are worked into three-dimensional art objects” (Rogers, 2016). Sculptures help to tell the story of historical events, social dynamics, religious beliefs and culture, and they did so through their medium as well as their style (Ricard, 2009). The sculpture of Memi and Sabu dates back to 2575-2465 B.C. and is believed to be Egyptian. Immediately we notice that the medium used for the sculpture is …show more content…
The Neo-Sumerian sculpture shows calm and serenity, a departure from the works during its preceding Akkadian Empire (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2017). Gudea was the “prince of the independent kingdom of Lagash in the late 3rd millennium, is known for his piety and prolific building of temples” (Louvre, n.d.). This explains why, in contrast to Memi and Sebu, Gudea appears in a powerful seated position and wears elaborate clothing. His robe features inscriptions which list “the various temples that he built or renovated in Lagash” (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2017). Additionally, Gudea’s hands are folded in prayer, his feet do not touch the ground, and he is seated in a pose fit for a ruler (2017). Each of these details signify that he was nothing short of royalty, unlike Memi and