Melanom Cancer And Cancer Essay

2218 Words Jun 9th, 2016 null Page
Melanoma is one of the deadliest forms of skin cancer that claims the lives of thousands of people every year. Melanoma is growing at an increasing rate with a 3% increase in cases each year. 63,000 cases are diagnosed each year with roughly 8,000 deaths. Research says one person dies every hour from melanoma. (Melanoma Foundation) The 3 main types of cells in the top layer of the skin are squamous cells, basal cells, and melanocytes. Squamous cells are flat cells in the outer part of the epidermis that are constantly shed as new ones form. Basal cells are in the lower part of the epidermis. They constantly divide to form new cells to replace the squamous skin. (American Cancer Society) Melanocytes are where melanoma can develop and it starts when unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells triggers mutations that lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors. (Skin Cancer Foundation) There are many ways that melanoma can be diagnosed. One way is for people to examine their own spots by performing the ABCDE check. The “A” stands for asymmetry. A benign spot is symmetrical and a malignant mole is not symmetric. The “B” represents the border of the mole. A benign spot has even borders that are smooth, while malignant borders are more jagged and are not even. “C” stands for the color of the mole. A benign spot is one color. It is very common for that color to be a shade of brown. A malignant mole shows many different colors that can range from black to red. The “D”…

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