Measuring Blood Pressure And How The Skill Is Used Essay

997 Words Oct 11th, 2015 4 Pages
The following assignment is going to discuss measuring blood pressure and how it relates to Adult Nursing. I will explain the term blood pressure and how the skill is used. I believe it is one of the most important clinical skills required to monitor patient’s health and wellbeing.
Firstly the term Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure that the blood exerts on the walls of the blood vessels. Systemic arterial blood pressure sustains the essential flow of blood into and out of the organs of the body. It is crucial to maintain BP within its normal limits, if it becomes too high blood vessels can be damaged, if it is too low it can affect the organs such as the heart, brain or kidneys. BP can vary for many different reasons including, the age and gender of an individual and even the time of day. It is lower during periods of rest and normally increases with age. A BP reading has two aspects, systolic blood pressure and diastolic BP. “Systolic pressure is when the left ventricle contracts and pushes blood into the aorta, the pressure produced within the arterial system is called the systolic blood pressure” (Waugh et al 2010). A typical systolic BP reading is about 120 millimetres of mercury (mmHg). Diastolic pressure is when the heart is resting after the ejection of blood, the pressure within the arteries is much lower. An average diastolic reading is about 80 mmHg (Waugh et al 2010).
BP is determined by cardiac output and vascular resistance. Cardiac output is the volume of…

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