Maya, Guatemala, Belize And El Salvador Essay

1574 Words Oct 20th, 2014 null Page
The Maya were an advanced civilization that existed in present-day southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, northern Honduras, and El Salvador. They were positioned in one geographic area covering the Yucatan Peninsula; this smart choice of area indicated that the Maya were aware and looked to remained somewhat protected from invasion by other Mesoamerican groups that could come in from northern areas. Unlike some other indigenous populations of Mesoamerica, the Maya were not one united empire, but rather a series of powerful states that often allied with or fought against one another. Originally recognized during the pre-classic era (c. 2000 BCE to CE 250), many Maya states and municipalities were at the peak state of their development by the classic period (c. CE 250 to 900), and continued throughout the post-classic period until the appearance of the Spanish conquistadors.
The Maya civilization was one of the leading indigenous cultures of Mesoamerica. Together the Aztecs and the Incas were late empires (about CE 1300-1533), the Maya of Yucatan and Guatemala have shown a cultural endurance stretching for more than 2,000 years (1000 BCE-CE 1542), and numerous characteristics of their culture in fact continue to this day.
To better understand the Maya culture and their achievements one most understand that Mesoamerica had three major time periods: pre classic (2000 BCE-CE 300), classic (300-900), and post classic (900-1500). Throughout the six centuries of the classic period…

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