Essay on Max Weber 's Perspective On Religion

766 Words May 9th, 2016 4 Pages
Max Weber’s perspective on religion compared to Emil Durkheim varies in many ways. Both theorists emphasize on two different approaches when studying religion. Weber was an anti-positivism and Durkheim was positivism. Meaning the subject matter being studied related to different concepts involving natural science and social science. Durkheim was focused on the systematic approach of religion. Weber was writing from a point of view coming from his father being a successful “business man.” Max Weber and Emil Durkheim combined different findings relating to religion and conducted one-sided conceptual models.
Durkheim developed away to studied religion through the natural science relating individual freedom to collective responsibility. He selected study of Totemism among Australian Aborigines published through ethnographic data. Ethnographic is describe as being not physically there but studying through the work of someone else. Religion in this sense was describe as the importance of attachment of individuals to various social groups. He developed religion as being more objective to show empathy for all religions.
In order to do so he used two key terms to form his definition of religion, the profane and the sacred. Durkheim emphasized on religion as being the ability to distinguish the profane from the sacred. Profane is defined as the everyday world we live in. Sacred are those elements of the profane world we protect. Durkheim recognized the most primitive religion and…

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