Essay on Max Weber : The Modern Definition Of Bureaucracy

782 Words Apr 15th, 2015 4 Pages
Max Weber was a German philosopher who defined the modern definition of bureaucracy. “Weber essentially argues that bureaucracy constitutes the most effect and (formally) rational way in which human activity can be organized” (Swedberg & Agevall, 2005, p. 18). In order to be bureaucratic, an organization must essentially follow the structure of a bureaucracy. Weber categorized bureaucracy into six features.
The first feature of a bureaucracy is that it must be governed by rules. Each individual department is focused on a fixed area and must follow a set of rules in order to be effective (Swedberg & Agevall, 2005, p. 19). The second feature is that a bureaucracy must be “organized as a hierarchy” (Swedberg & Agevall, 2005, p. 19). This means that each department must have both employees and managers. Weber was a strong believer in structuring an organization in which employees follow the rules set forth by their managers (McShane & Von Glinow, 2014, p.194). Thus, following an order of hierarchy to complete tasks.
The third feature of a bureaucracy it must be well documented. Everything that tasks place must be recorded and record must be kept and filed (Swedberg & Agevall, 2005, p. 19). The fourth feature is that a bureaucratic organization’s employees will require advanced training. Some, such as managers will need expert training in their area of expertise (Swedberg & Agevall, 2005, p. 19). An example of required training could be the sending of managers to educational…

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