Max Weber: The Modern Definition Of Bureaucracy

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Max Weber was a German philosopher who defined the modern definition of bureaucracy. “Weber essentially argues that bureaucracy constitutes the most effect and (formally) rational way in which human activity can be organized” (Swedberg & Agevall, 2005, p. 18). In order to be bureaucratic, an organization must essentially follow the structure of a bureaucracy. Weber categorized bureaucracy into six features.
The first feature of a bureaucracy is that it must be governed by rules. Each individual department is focused on a fixed area and must follow a set of rules in order to be effective (Swedberg & Agevall, 2005, p. 19). The second feature is that a bureaucracy must be “organized as a hierarchy” (Swedberg & Agevall, 2005, p. 19). This means
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Everything that tasks place must be recorded and record must be kept and filed (Swedberg & Agevall, 2005, p. 19). The fourth feature is that a bureaucratic organization’s employees will require advanced training. Some, such as managers will need expert training in their area of expertise (Swedberg & Agevall, 2005, p. 19). An example of required training could be the sending of managers to educational workshops, in order to learn new ways to innovate their departments. The fifth feature is that officials of a bureaucratic organization must devote all of their time focusing on their specific department of work. The sixth feature is that management must follow specific rules, which are taught to them by the organization. (Swedberg & Agevall, 2005, p. …show more content…
They both follow Weber’s philosophy of hierarchy within an organization. The president is the top of the management chain. The president is advised by both the administrative council and the deans. They are effectively the middle management of the university, who manage the rest of the faculty, staff, and students. However, the private and the public sector are not equal is transparency. In the public sector, bureaucracy is mandatorily democratic, as where the private sector can be run with an authoritarian manner. In public companies, the board of the company votes on decisions. Private companies do not have to have board members and tend to be run by the president. Thus, private bureaucracies are less democratic than public

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