Max Weber And Weber's View On Modern Society

Improved Essays
In the field of Sociology, there are several important figures that have influenced modern sociology and social behavior. Two of these important figures are Max Weber (1864-1920) and Emil Durkheim (1858-1917). I will be comparing and contrasting Durkheim and Weber based on their perspective on religion. Religion plays role in shaping acceptable social behavior and the history of society. Both sociologists believed that religion holds power over societies and its people, yet the religious background of these two important sociologists is an important factor to why they have a different theory on the topic of religion. Weber and Durkheim viewed religion as a reflection of society. To Weber religion is the organized structure that demonstrated importance in modern society. In The Protestant Ethnic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Weber discusses how Christianity has impacted Western thinking, and stated that Christianity was the root of Capitalism …show more content…
They had different perspectives on the subject of religion, but both sociologists believed that religion had an impact on society and its structure. Personally, I agree that religion had an impact on society since a lot of the structure that has existed in religion can be seen in modern society. I especially agree with Weber’s Protestant work ethic because of the idea of the ‘American Dream’ here in the United States. The American Dream once meant that by working hard anyone could achieve their goal, but unfortunately, in my opinion, the American Dream does not exist anymore since the only ones who do make money are those who already wealthy and those who work hard end up in an endless cycle of working. I believe that both Weber’s and Durkheim’s theories are still applicable in modern society since religion continues to have an impact despite having less of an influence modern

Related Documents

  • Great Essays

    In Max Weber’s arguably most influential work, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Weber argues that a specific religious ethic shaped how Capitalism spread across the globe and transitioned into the modern age. Influenced by the idea of the ‘calling’ or one’s worldly task determined by God (39), this ethic actually incentivized people to work more in their mundane, secular occupations in order to accumulate physical wealth as an indication of God’s favor. Overall, this essay will be a self-discussion of the various ideas Weber introduces as well as other topics that caught my attention while reading his work. One aspect I like about Weber is his approach to understand modern Capitalism as a product of religion. On page…

    • 1764 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Selling God Summary

    • 783 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Saying how beforehand religious leaders and organizations turned sinful activities specified by the Bible to not partake in into wholesome fun. Over the course of American history, secular activities that people found enjoyable would receive religious alternatives to make them now moral. What he is saying is an accurate account as to what has happened to religion over time. The church has been shaped and also played a role in shaping America’s market culture. Moore’s thesis more or less is that secularization…

    • 783 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The rise of Religious Right sought to make Christianity more prevalent in American society and politics. The land that became the United States of America was originally colonized as a safe haven for religious groups seeking refuge from oppressors in Europe. Following other countries, it is a common stigma to associate the politic, economic and sociological components of a country with religious morals. During the nineteenth and twentieth century, the civil rights movement…

    • 808 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Sociology Of Religion

    • 1043 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Emile Durkheim’s theory of religion explains how functionalists examine sociological phenomena. He believed that people see religion as a contribution to the health and continuation of society. These religious functions bind society’s members to affirm common beliefs and values on a regular basis. Durkheim believed that religion would decrease and the world modernizes and scientific thinking would eventually replace religious thinking. Later, he changed his view and saw that religion within the context of the entire society and recognized its place in influencing the thinking and behavior of members of society.…

    • 1043 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Conflict Theory The conflict theory can be defined as the idea that social change and society are rooted in conflicts of competing interests (Conley, 2015). By using this theory to explain religion in society today, sociologists could come to the conclusion that different religions and denominations continue to exist because the conflict they create fuel societal growth and change. Religious conflict has played a large role in the history of society. Religious persecution and religious conflicts have plagued society almost as long as humans have been around, and the conflict theory provides a clear explanation to why this might…

    • 857 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Contrastingly, he argues revolutionary, or unorthodox religion “legitimates challenging, changing, or replacing the established social order when it no longer serves the interests of the people”: an institution that is “by the people and for the people” (Lundskow, 18). Nevertheless, each type of religion Marx speaks upon centres around either the maintenance or upheaval of societal order, rather than scrutinizing its substantive core. Like Durkheim,…

    • 1465 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    What exactly is religion and what is an institution? Religion can be defined as a “system of beliefs and practices related to sacred things that unites believers into a moral community” (Brinkerhoff 285). An institution “is an enduring social structure that meets basic human needs” (Brinkerhoff 76). Religion creating a huge impact on society and vice-versa, sociologist can view religion in many different perspectives. Considering religion as an institution; how would structural functionalist, conflict theorist, or symbolic theorist view it?…

    • 1263 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The role of religion has been of much debate in sociology some say it acts as an inhibiting force for social change. Weber performed detaied qualitative research fom specific religions during specific periods. He called his approach verstehen the german word for understanding. He was particularly interested in the ecomonic impacts of religion,but his defining work as metioned above was protestant work ethic and the spirit of capitalism. He talked about how capitalism originated by looking at religion.…

    • 1015 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    T.J. LeBlanc 325171965 IDC4U1-02 December 18, 2018 Sociological Understanding of Religion Religion is a prevalent topic in sociology, with Emile Durkheim and his functionalist theory, Karl Marx and his conflict theory, and Max Weber and his symbolic interactionist theory all having their own opinions and perspectives on the topic. While their views on religion do have quite a few differences when compared with each other, there are some similarities among their views and opinions that point towards what the general sociological understanding may be. These similarities are that they all in general believe that religion has a significant role or purpose in society, and that as society continues to modernize, traditional religion will eventually…

    • 1266 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    God Bless America Analysis

    • 1344 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Some scholars would portray Weber’s ideas as a debate against Marx’s ghost. Although ideas of Marx and Weber were different, they both relate to America’s use of religion and are both critical of the macro structures that force individuals into the system of market relationship. In the article, the invention of Christian America by corporation giants is an example of a macro structure binding individuals. The American society described is another illustration that corporations and governments try to use the power of religion, politics, and institution to force the working class once again believing in the capitalistic system or the “American Dream” is working in their favours. It is a social issue since these individuals are not aware of the situation they are in but bounded by the higher forces in the society - social…

    • 1344 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics