Grosso Case Study Essay

Improved Essays
Mato Grosso used to stand for nearly a third of the total Brazilian deforestation. It is also currently the leading state for both soy and beef production (Fearnside & Figueiredo, 2015). With initiatives from private stakeholders and government, Mato Grosso’s share of deforestation has been steadily decreasing since 2008 (Fearnside & Figueiredo, 2015). Three major stakeholders were identified in the beef value chain and the institutions that frame their workings (Figure 5).

Figure 5: Image illustrating the relationship between the different stakeholders, institutions and regulations in the Brazilian beef value chain. Source: Composed with information from (Stokes, Lowe, & Zoubek, 2014)
Regulating cattle ranchers on a national level is the
…show more content…
Next in the value chain are the beef processors. In 2013, three corporations stood for 37% of the market share (Stokes et al., 2014). These corporations have agreed on the voluntary Terms of Adjusted Conduct which is a de facto moratorium on cattle originating from illegally deforested land. While the larger processors have the resources to monitor their suppliers, the smaller often lack the sufficient means do to so (Stokes et al., 2014). The largest importer of Amazon agricultural products is China (WWF, 2016). Chinese demand for soy incentives the expansion of soy farming which in turn pressures the conversion of pastures into farmland. This could in turn pressure the conversion of forests into new pastures. Growing Chinese demand for beef could also increases the rate of deforestation. By 2011, China had become Brazil’s largest trading partner and the main source of Brazilian agricultural products (Torkjell Leira; Rainfrorest Foundation Norway, 2014). The Brazilian government’s capability to tackle the issue of deforestation is very limited. Especially the rural landowning class in the country, whose influence has been growing as a result …show more content…
Though cultivated area dedicated to soy farming is growing, the expansion is not directed towards native vegetation but instead previously cleared land (Gibbs et al., 2015). By 2013, soy stood for less than 1% of the deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon (Gibbs et al., 2015). Initiatives can be concluded enacted by meat processors and food retailers have been very effective in slowing down the tide of deforestation. This can be seen clearly in Mato Grosso. In its peak in 2003 (Figure 6), nearly 11.000 km2 were deforested in the state. In 2010, 800 km2 was

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    The United States Department of Agriculture reports that livestock produce three times more waste than humans. For one pound of beef it requires forty-four pounds of livestock waste. All that waste pollutes, along with confined facilities, plowing, fertilizers, growth hormones, antibiotics, and pesticides. Animal agriculture uses fifty percent of antibiotics and thirty-seven percent of pesticide and in America. The Environmental Protection Agency reports that ninety-five percent of pesticide residue found in American diets comes from animal agriculture.…

    • 1230 Words
    • 5 Pages
    • 8 Works Cited
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Thus, China satisfies the increase in demand by importing soybean oilseeds. The country is heavily dependent on the imports of soybean oilseed due to 95% self-sufficiency grain policy, many of its agricultural policies centre around this goal. This puts soybean production at a disadvantage and resulted in a drop-in production by 18%, while the imports jumped to 60% in 2015. Moreover, import tariff for soybean oilseeds is 3% while that of soybean oil and meal are 5% and 9%. This policy encouraged the development of China’s soybean oilseed processing industry.…

    • 1633 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Pros Of Gmo

    • 1034 Words
    • 5 Pages

    In the last decade the main argument in favor of modified crops was they costed less to buy the seeds, however, the demand for GM seeds has increased also increasing the price of theses seeds. GM corn can cost almost $150 more per bag than conventional seed, but can cut its losses later in the season with the reduced use of pesticides needed because the crops genes have been physically altered to resist pests (Johnson). Arguments against GMO states that the only people who profit off modified foods are the global leader in GM technology Monsanto. In spite of these claims many people actually financially benefit. Farmers capture between 5-40% of the profit while consumers get 6-60% and seed developers profit 10-70%.…

    • 1034 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Amazon alone holds 20% of the world's oxygen. Cattle ranching is the biggest threat to the rainforests. Each cow has almost the size of a football field to graze. They leave some trees and bushes for shade. Brazil is the biggest meat exporter, so that's why they take so much land to keep up the demand.…

    • 1015 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The world right now is in need of inexpensive food in great volumes. Genetically modified food is helping with that problem. There is higher yields of food produced per acre in GM food as compared to crops that are grown by all organic farmers. There also is a big difference in price because of the abundance of produce. From 1975-2005 the cost of corn per bushel decreased by .31 cents and the time spent caring for and growing crops has been cut in half in the last decade.…

    • 1863 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Fast Food Analysis

    • 706 Words
    • 3 Pages

    At the beginning of the film, it mentioned that American supermarkets have 47,000 products on average, and there are many meats have no bones because companies do not want consumers to know the truth about the process of producing meats. For example, McDonald’s, which is the fast-food company that the film had mentioned about, is the largest purchaser of many things such as ground beef, potatoes, pork, and chicken. Because of the largest purchaser in the world, McDonald’s is controlling the food system in some way. McDonald’s company wants to make the flavor of hamburger is the same in all McDonald’s, so they have changed the production of beef. The other example that the film had mentioned is Tyson, which is the one of the world’s largest…

    • 706 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They also buy the wheat to make the buns very cheaply (The Weight). This is a good explanation for explaining dollar menus and how fast food restaurants are able to keep their prices down. We are filling up on cheap fast foods that may be convenient, but to the detriment of our health. While the United States government spends around thirty million dollars a year on farming unhealthy crops, it is spending around a hundred million dollars on fighting diseases related to obesity (The Weight). Corn and soy crops make up over 50 percent of the farmland in America.…

    • 1903 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    If the human population knew what was in the food that they were eating, they would think twice about putting it in their bodies. From a post in the 2009 report by the FDA, around eighty percent of antibiotics are used for livestock in the United States. This can be an issue for meat eaters because antibiotic resistance may build up giving them no protection against potential diseases that could otherwise be stopped. The image around the world is that not enough food is produced for everyone, while in reality, the amount of food we produce is enough for around ten billion people. The entire population has been floating around seven billion for the past few years.…

    • 870 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Despite the fact that Brazil 's downward trend in deforestation has been apparent for quite some time; Over the past nine years, the rate of deforestation has dramatically decreased by 70 percent (Nepstad, D et al., 2009). The government played an essential role by implement policies and enforcement actions and intense efforts are being made to save what is left of the Amazon. In fact, Brazil extended its network of indigenous reserves and secured areas. As of today, Indigenous tribes are in control of 20 percent of the Brazilian Amazon, and an official title has been fortified for their land tenure. Brazil’s success shows that a rapid reduction in deforestation is possible.…

    • 1722 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Lacto Ovovegetarian Essay

    • 1016 Words
    • 5 Pages

    According to William Laurance of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, forest destruction in Brazil between 1995 to 2000 was the “equivalent to seven football fields a minute.” This is a shocking statistic as the Amazon Rainforest is one of the planets most important carbon dioxide sinks. The environment is impacted by livestock based food production, in a profound and pervasive way. Researchers from Bard College, the Weizmann Institute of Science and Yale University investigated the impact that raising various livestock has on the environment and concluded that livestock-based food production causes about twenty percent of all global greenhouse gas emissions and effects biodiversity. However, it is beef that is the biggest culprit, as one pond of beef takes about one thousand eight hundred gallons of water to produce. Compared to raising chicken, pork, eggs and dairy, beef requires twenty eight times more land, six times more fertilizer, resulting in five times as much greenhouse…

    • 1016 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays