Materialism In The Great Gatsby Essay

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In the famous American tragedy The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald dexterously captures the excesses in the society of the “Roaring twenties”. Behind the obstructed love story of Gatsby and Daisy, the main theme, however, surrounds a much deeper perspective. By positioning the characters as the symbols for the social norm of that time period, Fitzgerald illustrates and criticizes the world where materialism conquers everything, resulting in the false beliefs, twisted human morals and social discrimination. In the 1920s, consumer revolution flourished tremendously, in which not only fueled the economy but also brought a new perspective to American culture - materialism. In the novel, our protagonist Nick Carraway, moves to New York City, …show more content…
From the character 's quote: "Instead of being the warm center of the world, the Middle West now seemed like the ragged edge edge of the universe - so I decided to go East and learn the bond business” (3), Nick believes the East would provide more opportunities for jobs. As we all know, in the 1920s, New York City was the heart of America, where the booming economy and the new theory of modernism all started and flourished and stock market rose wildly. People from everywhere in the country flooded into New York in order to speculate in the stock market. Additionally, Nick portrays a typical resident where the elite and the rich live, specifically West Egg and East Egg. In this case, Nick describes his new neighbor 's or Gatsby 's house as: "The one on the right was a colossal affair by andy standard - it was a factual imitation of some Hotel de Ville in Normandy, with a tower on one side, spanking new under a thin beard of raw ivy, and a marble swimming pool, and more than forty acres of lawn and garden" (7). This is an example of a new in West Egg - the less fashionable of the two eggs. People in West Egg are generally wealthy but behind that …show more content…
Scott Fitzgerald, using the perspective of the character Nick Carraway, exposes and criticizes the dark side of the 1920s. In the end, it does not even matter how hard Gastby tried, his dream of wealth and success ends in nightmare because of materialism and his selfish pursuit of pleasure. Henceforth, in our modern society, we still encounter many regretful circumstances that still remains from the 1920s. People are generally arrogant and superficial in order to achieve their ultimate goal. Some of us are willing to gamble everything they have, even if that means bribing, cheating, or doing crimes, or worse, our life. The everlasting disagreement between high class and low class people did not decrease at all as the poor become poorer and the rich become richer. Under those circumstances, money manipulates the world. Materialism drives people form every social classes, especially the corrupted politicians and businessmen to do things that others would never imagine, such as

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