Materialism And Dualism: The Mind-Body Problem
Materialism states that nothing exists aside from matter, defined as something that occupies physical space and has mass. Materialism argues that the mind cannot exist as an immaterial object, because nothing immaterial exists, thus the “mind” is really the physical brain, and the apparent “consciousness” is just the brain undergoing physical reactions to produce mental states such as processing emotions, problem solving, and visualization, things a Dualist would categorize as the “mind”. A counterargument to materialism is this:
1. Based off of experience, it is known that one can produce a mental image in their head—for this example, a box. Whether or not the image comes from neurons firing in the brain or consciousness in the mind is irrelevant, because either way, there is a product, the mental box.
2. By definition, matter occupies physical space and has