Professional Positions for Counselors
Many people have career aspirations of helping others overcome or manage emotional, social or mental problems. Becoming a counselor is one way to provide assistance to troubled individuals. There are many types or categories of counselors. Therefore, it may be simpler to understand first what counselors do or what counseling is. Merriam-Webster applies the following concise definition to the term counseling:
“Professional guidance of the individual by use of standard psychological methods such as collecting case-history data, using various techniques of the personal interview, and testing interests and aptitudes. The counselor's goal is generally to orient the individual toward opportunities that
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They are educational and vocational counselors, rehabilitation counselors and mental health counselors. Education and vocational counselors typically assist children, adolescents and adults with personal, social, educational and career issues. For example, school counselors fall into this category and work at all levels of the school system from elementary to postsecondary. They help students cope with the social and emotional stresses and pressures of growing up. School counselors may help advocate personal growth and education for students in addition to providing crisis intervention following traumatic or violent occurrences. Vocational counselors help people make important career decisions and develop job search skills. The Department of Labor/Occupational Information Network (O*NET) lists a sample of reported job titles that fall under the educational and vocational category of counselors. They are Guidance Counselor, Counselor, School Counselor, Academic Advisor, Career Counselor, College Counselor, Career Services Director, Academic Counselor, Advisor, and Career Center Director (Department of Labor, 2010).
As of May, 2010 the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that there were 246,890 people employed as educational, vocational or schools counselors earning an average of $55,970 per year (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2010). Guidance