Essay about Marx 's Basic Ontological Assumptions
Ontology relates to the questions of being and reality. Marx ontologically assumed that humans are altruistic, material creatures and are creative in nature. He explains that humans meet fundamental requirements by creating necessities such as food and shelter out of the environment. Producing these items and structures expand the human capabilities and can be seen as a mode of self-expression. Marx elaborates on these necessary tasks by relating it to the workforce and stating that work should not be regimented and monotonous, but original and personally significant. Work should be something that we want to do rather than have to do. As classes are formed and work becomes wearisome, people become separate from their work and their outlook on the world changes.
Two examples of substantive focus for Marx
Marx views society as an association between the means of production and relation of production. Marx believes that considering who owns the means of production and who is designated to work for them defines the base of society; the superstructure or institutions are not only affected by these factors, but also have impact on them as well. Understanding his conceptualization of class can defend this idea - class is binary and can be divided into those who are workers (proletariat) and those who are owners (bourgeoisie or capitalists). Those who share the same class, “share a common position in the…