Marx 's Alienation Vs. Weber 's Dehumanization Consequences Of Rationalization

1754 Words Aug 17th, 2015 8 Pages
Marx’s Alienation vs. Weber’s Dehumanization Consequences of Rationalization For many years, Karl Marx and Max Weber – despite their similarities and differences in theories – both share a similar vision of a capitalist society. Marx’s theory of alienation resemblance much to Weber’s theory of dehumanizing consequences of rationalization, that is, both theories suggest that individuals are estranged from themselves, others, and from society.
What is alienation? By alienation, for Karl Marx and Friedrich Hengels, it refers to “any state of human existence which is “away from” or “less than” unalienation … a mistake, a defect, which it ought not to be” (Ollman, 1971 p.132). Therefore, alienation is the separation of one’s physical and mind from his body, and it causes people to feel disoriented and dissatisfy.
What about rationalization? In the Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Weber asserts that “rationalization” is an important concept that look into the modern capitalism. So what is rationalization? By rationalization, for Max Weber, it refers to “a developmental process, which can take place with reference to the “external” organization of the world, that is, in the spheres of economic, law, politic, domination, and knowledge, as well as the “internal” spheres of religion and ethics (Pasdermajian, p.47). Therefore, rationalization is a process, which influences the economic, law, government, and religion. It also involves the form of social…

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