Protestant Reformation Research Paper

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Due to the Holy Roman Empire’s influence, the Roman Catholic Church played a significant role in the lives of western Europeans in the Middle Ages (Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia). People were named, married and buried by the guidance of Roman Christianity (Haberman and Shubert). This changed when Martin Luther asked questions regarding salvation and the relationship between community and God. As a result of these questions, Europe would never be the same as Luther started the Protestant Reformation. The Protestant Reformation started as a crisis of faith within the Church challenging the institution of the Church turning the issue into a struggle between Church and State (Haberman and Shubert). Consequently, diving Europe religiously …show more content…
The Catholic Church benefited from the Council of Trent in the Reformation because it addressed issues and complaints. Through this council, the Church enforced celibacy, provided education and training seminaries for priests and stopped the sale of indulgences. Celibacy was enforced by the Church in an attempt to restore integrity because many clerics, including Pope Alexander VI, had children (The editors of encyclopædia britannica). This benefited the Church because Catholics noticed the Church fixing their issues and returning to traditional values again. Also, the Council of Trent had the church’s clergy disciplined with training and seminaries for priesthood (Haberman and Shubert). This allowed Catholics to talk to their priest, which benefited the church since their followers felt that they were part of a community. The Council of Trent stopped the sale of indulgences. Indulgences were acts of penitence in the Catholic Church that result in the forgiveness of a sin (Haberman and Shubert). There was controversy over the Church using the indulgence to pay …show more content…
The Ursulines were an order of women founded by Angela Merici in 1535. They were dedicated to taking care of the poor and sick. The Ursulines helped women prepare themselves for motherhood, life as a wife and created convents to educate young women. While teaching the women, they converted and taught them Catholicism, benefiting the Church since they were gaining more followers throughout Italy, France, and North America (Haberman and Shubert). The Society of Jesus or the Jesuit Order was founded by Spanish nobleman Ignatius Loyola, who claimed that we could shape our behaviour through severe discipline and regular spiritual practices (Haberman and Shubert). They were recognized as a religious order in 1548. The Vatican trusted the Jesuits because of the importance they placed on the development of the Church and liturgy (Conrad). They were sent to parts of Europe that were won by Protestants and the Americas as Catholic soldiers. The Jesuits established Christian churches in India, Japan, and China promoting their allegiance to church doctrine (Salem Press Encyclopedia). This benefited the Catholic Church because they achieved great success in stabilizing Catholicism and gaining more followers. Though both orders were very influential the Jesuits affirmed their authority to be the greatest because of their large

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