Martin Luther King And Malcolm X Essay

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Martin Luther King and Malcolm X During the Civil Rights Movement there were many different kinds of leaders trying to unite the black race and gain equality. Among those leaders, the most prominent and glorified was Martin Luther King. King was a minister from Atlanta, became the spokesman for the fight for equality. King stuck out more than others because of his non violent tactics, which involved peaceful protests, sit-ins and boycotts. Also, during this time there was another leader with different views and different methods who remained in the shadows of King 's spotlight. This man was named Malcolm X. These two men, although fighting for the same result, were also fighting between themselves in their beliefs about which path was correct …show more content…
Being the son (and grandson) of a respected minister, Martin had an "easy" childhood compared to most blacks during this time period. It was declared that he was well loved by his family and the community, and experienced little to no direct prejudice or racism during his childhood. I believe that the events that lead up to adulthood create and mold an individual in their beliefs and actions as a human. When comparing the two childhoods of King and Malcolm X, one can see the reason for these two individuals to take such different approaches to the same issue. Malcolm 's childhood was not as easy as that of the beloved minister 's son. At the age of three his house was burned in Omaha and at the age of six his father was killed by a streetcar in Lansing, which had suspicions leading to white supremacists for being the ones involved with the murder. Later in his life while attending school he was asked by his teacher what he wanted to be when he was older. When he replied that he had intentions to be a lawyer, the teacher simply laughed at him and said that it wasn 't a realistic goal for a "nigger". After his mother was checked into an insane asylum, he was moved around to foster homes, and eventually lived with his aunt in Boston where he led a life of crime. The drastic differences in these leader 's upbringings can account for why they said and did as they did. The single most important aspect of …show more content…
Garveyism, which preached separatism, became one of Malcolm 's views when he entered into the Nation of Islam. This religion, founded by Elijah Muhammad, was a religion created for blacks that blamed all of their oppression on the white man. This extreme racist religion captivated the young troubled Malcolm, which led to his rise to becoming a prominent leader. In comparison to other black leaders, Marcus Garvey stood out in my mind because of his powerful and extreme views and methods in leading the black race. Malcolm, during his time in the NOI, preached separatism, and believed that all white men were the devil. The most pertinent view that both of these leaders shared were "Black Nationalism". Black Nationalism was preached by Garvey and the UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association) in the early 1920 's, and was a political and social movement popularized by Malcolm X in the 1960 's. The point of Black Nationalism was to unite blacks and acquire economic power and to create a sense of community and group feeling among the black population. Malcolm was a firm believer that if it was necessary, violence was the best way for change. He states that our entire history had been based on acts of violence, and for the only real change to occur; blacks need unite and defend themselves against the white oppressors. He did not

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